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Literature of Danubian Monarchy in Ukrainian Translations

Author(s):Maria Ivanytska 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 322-332
The article emphasizes the increasing interest to Austrian literature of the last years of Danubian monarchy in modern Ukraine. Ukrainian translations of works by L.v.Sacher-Masoch, K.E.Franzos, A.Schnitzler, F.Kafka, R.Musil are analyzed. The points of contact between Austrian and Ukrainian literature are presented; they are particularly pronounced in the multicultural literature and in the mentality of Galicia and Bukovina. The article also studies the influence of translator's personality on perception of Austrian literature in Ukraine from the standpoint of imagology.

A History of the Danubian Costume in the XIXth Century

Author(s):Cristina Partenie 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 338-344
Nowadays we attach a great importance to the clothes we wear from the moment we buy or make them, to the moment we decide if they are appropriate with our personal style, the place where we wear them or when we use them. If the XIXth century tries to preserve the tradition with great accuracy the way it was transmitted from generation to generation, in the tumultuous XXth century we attend to the birth of a real industry of fashion. Some reminiscences remain, however, which gives us the opportunity to draw up a study in this regard. The present paper intends to add information regarding the folk costumes in Galati County, especially in the XIXth century. It is a short presentation of some of the most traditional clothes such as: skirt, apron, hood, shirt male and shirt female, decorative designs, footwear; without claiming to have finished the subject we intend to go on with further research.

The Danubian Eros and Thanatos in Mihail Sebastianís Work

Author(s):Alina Beatrice Chesca 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 345-351
The present paper approaches two psychoanalytical concepts – the EROS and the THANATOS – which are extremely complex and, at the same time, fascinating due to their implications and the way they relate to the biography and work of Mihail Sebastian – the writer from the Danube. Art and biography meet in this danubian writer’s work, who tried to fight against his traumas and to heal himself through writing. The Eros and the Thanatos are omnipresent in the fiction of Sebastian’s obsessions and, when he faced destruction at an objective level, this fight resulted in anxiety and anguish. Along one’s life, there are two types of anxiety: the fear of life and the fear of death. The main theme of Sebastian’s work is that the human universe proves its strength only by suffering and that human beings can reach the ultimate dignity through their ability to endure. However, the instinct of death – the Thanatos – is always connected to the instinct of life – the Eros. We do not intend to reduce the latter one to the idea of love or passion, but we will interpret it in a broader sense – that of life, of creative energy, of light. Sebastian himself said: “Life starts in darkness. There is a night for every day, there is a shadow for every light”.

Pedagogical Methods for Activization of Intercultural Interaction Between Young People in the Danube Region

Author(s):Zhanna Kozhukhar 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 352-357
In the given article the problem of the formation of intercultural interaction between young people in the countries of Danube Region is analyzed. Pedagogical methods of activization of intercultural interaction, as one of the priorities of modern education, are under consideration.

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

Author(s):Catalina Mititelu, Mariana Radu (Mitra) 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-6
According to the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights adopted by the United Nations, in 1966, the human being who enjoy his civil and political rights, enjoy in fact that “humanitas dignitas” (human dignity), since these rights derive from this. That is why this Covenant stipulated that the States parties are obligated to assure both the recognitions of these rights and their exercise and juridical protection.

General Principles of European Union Legislation Regarding the Juridical Protection of the Human Rights

Author(s):Nicolae V. Dura 
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 7-14
The basic principles stated and applied by the European Convention of 1950 and by the common constitutional traditions of the member states are considered general principles of the Law of the European Union regarding human rights. That is why we cannot talk about the juridical protection of human rights without being well-acquainted both with the text of the European Convention on human rights signed in Rome in the year 1950 and with the text of the Constitutions of the member States, which is – or should have been – in accordance with the framework of the common constitutional traditions. These general principles and norms should not only be known, but also included in the texts of the Constitutions of the States of the European Union, through which they should also assure and grant the juridical protection of the human fundamental rights and liberties, that have not always been respected in the spirit of the principle stated by the European Convention and by the constitutional Traditions of the states of the European Union.

The Role of the Nobility in the Development of Navigation on the Danube (XIX - Early XX Centuries)

Author(s):Liliya Tsyganenko
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 15-20
The questions of the place and role of the nobility of Bessarabia in the development of transport Infrastructure of the region in the late 19th - early 20th centuries is disscused. The activity of Prince Y. Gagarin - the first founder of shipping company on the Danube - Russian-Danube Shipping Company, which by 1886 evolved into a major joint-venture private limited transport in Bessarabia - Black Sea-Danube Shipping.

Analysis of the Opportunity to Include Intelligence Officers in the Category of Special Criminal Investigation Bodies

Author(s):Bogdan Bîrzu
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 21-28
Situations referred to in art. 3 of Law no. 51/1991 on Romania's national security (national security threats) and Law No. 78 of 8 May 2000 on preventing, discovering and sanctioning of corruption, law no. 39/21.01.2000 on preventing and combating organized crime, published in the Official No. 50/29.01.2003 and Law no. 143/26.07.2000 on combating illicit drug trafficking and consumption, represent the legal basis for requesting the Prosecutor, in justified cases, to compliance with the Code of Criminal Procedure, the authorization to perform certain acts in order to gather information, consisting of interception of communications, search for information, documents or acts for which to be obtain is required the access in a place, an object or opening an object, lifting and replacing the place of an object or document, examine it, extracting the information they contain, as well as recording, copying, or getting extracted by any means, installation of objects, maintaining and taking them from places where they were submitted. In order to elucidate the relationship established between the work of intelligence officers and prosecutors will submit to examination following essential aspects: information, information activities, investigative activities, prosecution prior acts (legal nature, duration, jurisdiction, content, prosecutor supervising the preliminary acts).

The Rights and Obligations of Local Elected Person from Republic of Moldova

Author(s):Natalia Saitarlî
Journal: Journal of Danubian Studies and Research
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 29-34
In the process of mandate exercising the local councilors, mayors and deputy mayors, chairmen and deputy chairmen of the districts are in local community service. As holder of public power entrusted by the community that elected them, they are obliged to respect the Constitution and laws, to protected interests of those communities, respecting the national interest, to support voters in solving problems, to worry about the prosperity of the community they belong to and which has assured the mandate to them. The purpose of this article is the analysis of the normative acts regulating the status of local elected persons, including his rights and obligations, to clarify and resolve some unclear cases related to this area. Because the accurate determination of these rights and obligations for local elected person depends the efficient activity of his in particularly and the good governance of local government in general.
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