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Islam and Colonial Rule in Ibadan from 1893-1960

Author(s):Akeem Abiodun Oladiti
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-12
This paper examines Islam and colonial rule in Ibadan from 1893-1960. It focuses on the development of colonial rule and its influence on Islam in Ibadan metropolis in the Nineteenth Century up to the end of colonial rule in 1960. It highlights the growth experienced by Islam, as there was rapid transformation from a purely rural and traditional centre into an urban colonial urban centre following colonial rule. The study also reveals the development of Islam in Ibadan in the early phase of colonial rule, the position and status of Islam before colonial rule in the city, the development of Islamic centres, the imamate and the interaction of Islam and other religions in Ibadan. As part of the history of Islam in Ibadan, attempts have been made to examine the introduction and development of Islam in Ibadan. However, no specific attention has been paid to the nature and consequences of colonial rule on Muslims in Ibadan. This is the existing gap which this study intends to fill.

Challenges in Managing Entrepreneurial Small Firmís Growth and Transition in Nigeria

Author(s):Rafiu Akinpelu Olaore
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 13-17
Growth can be simply referred to as advancement from less complicated level to more complex level, very essential in business and its one of the major objectives of entrepreneurship. It is the movement of the business into bigger premises, taking on more staff, significant increases of turnover, taking on a new product line or lines, buying another business, and so on. This paper critically assess the new venture creation; what it takes to be an entrepreneur; different dimension of business growth; significance of growth; types of opportunities new venture can consider; barriers to firm growth; managing transition and sustaining growth among others. The paper examines the skills and traits required by an entrepreneur to survive in a recession period. Most importantly, the paper highlights framework conditions required for effective operations of small business and acknowledges a case of Dangote Group of Company, in Nigeria to discuss evolution of growth, transition management and growth sustenance. In this review, it is clearly shown that entrepreneurship growth is not limited to small firm alone, it is also common among larger firm. Evolution of company takes many efforts and shortcomings, and the survival of any firm is also part of growth.

The Relevance of the Commonwealth of Nations in Todayís World

Author(s):Alexander C. Ugwukah
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 18-24
This paper traces the evolution of the Commonwealth of Nations as one of the oldest voluntary international organizations of the world. It further assesses the relevance of the organization in the light of recent developments which have affected both the primus inter pare – Great Britain and the other constituting members of the organization. The paper submits that, even though there exist some problems within the fold, the role played by members such as Britain, Canada and Nigeria in Africa justifies/balances the obvious reasons for its establishment.

Owerri in the Nigerian Civil War 1967-1970

Author(s):Chukwuma Osakwe -- Lawrence Okechukwu Udeagbala
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 25-34
The town of Owerri was inadvertently so important to the Federal and Biafran forces during the civil war so much so that the battle of Owerri has been acknowledged as one of deadliest in the civil war. This was evident in the way the town changed hands between the Federal and the Biafran forces as many as three times. While the Biafran forces saw Owerri as the last major town under their control, they believed that its effective defence would go a long way to ensure the safety of the Uli airport. They were therefore ready to defend it to the last man. The Federal army on the other hand though initially did not consider the town important but when they were committed to attack the town by Colonel Adekunle, they saw it as the key that held their victory. They hoped also to enter Uli, where the last major airstrip under Biafran control was cited, through Owerri to prevent ColonelOjukwu from escaping. They therefore fought with vigour. The study reveals that the Federal 3rd Marine Commando Division which almost conveniently overwhelmed the Biafra forces in the South East met its waterloo at Owerri and this led to removal and replacement of its commander. It further reveals that the recapture of Owerri by the Biafran forces reinvigorated the already waning fighting spirit of the Biafran army. It concludes that the recapture of Owerri by the Federal forces gave a fatal and irrecoverable blow on the strength of the Biafran army hence the Republic of Biafra ceased to exist barely five days after the conquest of Owerri.

Role of Nawab Salimullah for the Foundation of AIML

Author(s):MD. Cholem Ullah -- Aflatun Al Kausar -- Mohammad Amimul Ahsan
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-13
In this article an attempt has been made to remark upon the role of Nawab Salimullah for the foundation of All- Indian Muslim League that is the first and only national Muslim political party in the British India. The Nawab of Dhaka was one of the sole organizers of Muslim League. This article took an attempt to shed light on his number of successive political stances with appreciating contemporary nature of politics in India that eventually gravitated him towards forming of Muslim League. Firstly he launched modern regional politics favoring the partition of Bengal and founded a political association in Bengal, then stepped forward to organize a national political body for the Muslims in India. In this stage, Nawab took remarkable responsibilities like making approach to the Muslim people about urgency of political association, apprehending Hindu communal politics against Muslim, publication of Circular Letter, patronizing the Educational Conference at Dhaka, move for Resolution of AIML pertaining to establishment of League. All of these initiatives have been analyzed by an integrated study to find out the notable contributions of Nawab Salimullah towards forming AIML along with development of Muslim politics in India necessarily. The article also afforded Nawab’s other visionary relevant works in order to consolidate an advancement of Muslim League transcending banality and mendacity of everyday life in every arena fulfilling the desired dreams of the cornered Muslims.

The Ethnic Factor in International Politics: Constructing the Role of the Nawuri in the Pan-Ewe Nationalist Movement

Author(s):Cletus Kwaku Mbowura -- Awaisu Imurana Braimah -- Felix Y. T. Longi
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 14-26
This paper examines the German colonial project in Alfai in Northern Ghana as well as the roles the Nawuri played in the political activism of the 1940s and 1950s that sought to define the administrative status of the two Trust Territories of former German Togoland. Described as the “Togoland Question” or the “Ewe Problem”, the political activism has been labeled an Ewe affair, and examined largely within the framework of the pan-Ewe nationalists seeking to project an Ewe identity and establish an Ewe-dominated state. This study shifts focus to the roles that the Nawuri, a non-Ewe ethnic group, played in the pan-Ewe nationalist movement, and argues that the pan-Ewe nationalist movement was not entirely an Ewe affair; Nawuri association with and participation in its activities were conspicuous.

Utilizing Concepts and Generalizations in Selecting and Organizing Social Studies Contents

Author(s):OMIYEFA Muraina Olugbenga -- LIJADU Moses Oladipo
Journal: Historical Research Letter
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 27-32
The broad field or integrated Social Studies is a wide range of disciplines from which Social Studies derives its contents. Concepts and generalizations play a very prominent role in the selection and organization of Social Studies content most importantly it helps us to grasp with realities of our environments. Thus, this paper attempts to explore various scholastic views of concepts and generalizations in Social Studies. It also gives an illustration on the use of concepts and generalizations in selecting Social Studies contents; reviews various benefits of its usage and finally concludes that there is need for teachers, educators and curriculum developers of Social Studies to select and organize the content of the discipline based on concepts and generalizations.

Methodology and Systems Analysis of Data Mining Model for Successful Implementation of Data Warehouse in Tertiary Institutions

Author(s):U.F. Eze
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-19
This research work with title “Methodology and system analysis of data mining model for successful implementation of data warehouse in tertiary institutions” is a proposal that provides a framework that is used to structure, plan, and control the process involved in information discovery for tertiary institutions. It equally deals with series of steps or procedures which governs the analysis and design of this particular Data Mining Model for Tertiary Institutions. The methods, techniques and procedures which are used to collect and analyze information were also provided and implemented.  Structured Systems Analysis and Design methodology (SSADM) and Object oriented Analysis and Design methodology (OOADM) were deployed to develop this model. The current system was analysed by using Use Case approach to identify the existing objects in the current system. Use Case diagrams were equally developed and the relationship between the objects was drawn. Iskawa diagram was drawn to represent the identified problems. Finally the High Level Model (HLM) that would be used to design the proposed system was drawn to enable the System Designer to develop a computer based model that forecasts educational behaviours with little or no user intervention.

Nizami’s Beneficial Messages for Conflict of Contemporary Human

Author(s):Alireza Nabiloo -- Hosseinali Ghobadi 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 20-33
Persian poetry is replete with profound reflections, persistent messages and global thoughts, and delving into it would yield a comprehensive understanding of universal culture, thoughts, and knowledge. Nizami Ganjavi is one of the elite poets, whose poetry is so full of human and widespread aspects and plays a significant role in the universality of Persian literature. His Quinary (Panj Ganj/ Five Jewels in Persian) contains valuable messages which can helpthose stuck in a crisis to be able to resolve it. The present paper investigates Nizami?s global messages for the contemporary human and delves into and analyzes such matters as life crisis, psychological and emotional crisis, peace and security crisis, and belief and spirituality crisis.Nizami has clear messages for those stuck in the aforementioned drawing upon which can cater to the needs of the contemporary human, who is dealing with these crises. the life crisis can be managed by seeking refuge in and giving the self over to God; emotional and ethical crises can be resolved by peace and joy, avoiding tension, exercising balance and beneficence, self-knowledge, contentment, happiness, and keeping good company; peace and security crises can be overcome by forgiveness, avoiding injustice and tyranny, justice and mercy and kindness towards people, and philanthropy. Nizami ultimately points out to belief and spirituality crises, claiming that humans must fall back on religion and religiosity to keep their balance in addressing the crises.
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