Art & Social Sciences

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Total Articles 10 - 18 of 3432 | Total Books 1 |

The Influence of Role Overload, Role Conflict and Role Ambiguity on Occupational Stress among Nurses in Selected Iranian Hospitals

Author(s):Roohangiz Karimi -- Zoharah Binti Omar -- Farhad Alipour -- Zinab Karimi
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 34-40
The aim of this study was to investigate the level of occupational stress and the influence of role overload, role conflict, and role ambiguity on occupational stress among Iranian nurses. This study adopts a quantitative correlational study methodology. The study sample comprised of 135 nurses selected randomly from the emergency and surgery departments at Yasuj hospitals in south west of Iran. The data was collected through self-administrated questionnaire using drop and collect method. The result showed that the level of occupational stress was relatively high. The result also showed that there was a significant, linear and positive relationship between role overload, role conflict, role ambiguity and occupational stress. Finally, multiple regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of occupational stress. About 37% variance in occupational stress was explained by role overload, role conflict, role ambiguity. The result also indicated that role conflict was the strongest predictor to predict occupational stress. The findings of this study provide support to the Job-Demand Control Model and provide practical contribution to alleviate the level of stress among nurses.

Unveiling the Situation of Religious Minorities: A Case Study of Marginalized Groups Living In Lahore

Author(s):Fouzia Naveed -- Maryam Munir -- Yasir Saeed 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 41-50
The research was conducted to explore the situation of religious minorities in acquiring job opportunities, difficulties face by them at worship places and in accessing health facilities. Objectives of the study are to analyze how Christians, Hindus, Ahmadis and Sikhs are marginalized in the society; to explore the issues face by religious minorities at worship places; and to document their perceptions about provision of health care facilities. For data collection, snowball sampling and purposive sampling technique were used. A sample size of thirty respondents comprising of, ten Christians, eight Ahmadis, six Hindus and six Sikhs were interviewed. In order to collect the data, in-depth interviews was used as research technique. Interview guide was used as a tool for data collection. Data was analyzed by using thematic analysis. It is found in the research that religious minorities in Lahore, Pakistan were in a grimy condition. They face negligence from state institutions; exploited by extremist groups and general public show hatred towards them. The research reveals that people of this society socially exclude the religious minorities from mainstream of society just because of their religion. They have no equal opportunity in jobs. People limit their interaction with religious minorities because people label them untouchable. The government has least priority to provide security to religious minorities. This research also found that they are also facing marginalization in provision of health care facilities.

Investigative Study of the Knowledge, Attitude and Opinion of University Undergraduates to Hiv/Aids and Its Screening

Author(s):Oliha Josephine
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 51-58
The study examined the knowledge attitude and opinion of the university undergraduates to HIV/AIDS and its screening in Edo State Nigeria. The sample comprised 600 undergraduates randomly selected from three universities in Edo State. A researcher constructed questionnaire was used to test the five hypotheses formulated for the study. One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and independent t-test statistical techniques were used for data analysis. The findings showed that the students had very good level of knowledge regarding the mode of transmission of the disease and HIV screening centres. However, the good knowledge did not translate itself into positive attitude towards those living with HIV/AIDS in the hostel. There was also a significant difference in their opinion of how one gets infected with the virus. The study therefore recommended that counselling and public enlightenment should be intensified.

An Engineering Education Framework for Fulfilling the Outcome-Based Education Requirements

Author(s):Mohd Zaki Kamsah -- Rohaya Talib
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 59-69
The recently revised Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC) Engineering Program Accreditation Manual (The Engineering Accreditation Council (EAC), 2012) requires all undergraduate engineering programs in Malaysia to demonstrate twelve new set of learning outcomes which are aligned with the Washington Accord graduate attributes. The attributes emphasized not only on the mastery of technical disciplines but also on the acquirement of soft skills such as communication, leadership and a range of creative and critical thinking skills. CDIO is an international initiative of engineering education framework which provides an integrated curriculum model with an aim to produce global engineers who are workplace ready. This paper highlights the significance of using CDIO engineering education framework in reviewing Malaysian engineering programs in order to fulfil the requirements of EAC and Outcome-Based Education (OBE) approach. Mapping of the relationships between CDIO Standards and OBE components and principles is also discussed.

Online Newspaper Exposure by Academics in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro

Author(s):Bashir Memon -- M. Ramzan Pahore 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 70-80
This article explores about the online newspaper readers? news exposure and news consumption habits. It mainly focuses upon how many days and which days of the week, and how much and what is the preferred time to read more online newspapers by the academics teaching in the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.  For data collection, a cross-sectional survey was conducted. The sampling was done by applying a purposive and opportunistic technique with the purpose to include as many subjects as possible. In this way a total of 103 academics filled the closed-ended questionnaire. The analysed findings indicated that a typical reader reads online newspaper from 1 to 3 days a week. Further, he mostly reads on Sunday because on that particular day he finds more time to read. Moreover, in the context of time a typical online newspaper reader on average reads the online paper for an hour and prefers mostly to read during a day time.

Shangwe Indigenous Knowledge Systems: An Ethnometrological And Ethnomusicological Explication

Author(s):Renias Ngara -- Jerry Rutsate -- Remigios V. Mangizvo
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 81-88
Scientifically, climate change is the present concern and metrologists are technologically advancing in studying weather patterns. Zimbabwe indigenes, particularly those living in the rural areas such as the Shangwe in Gokwe District, generally relied on the indigenous knowledge systems on rainmaking adopted from their forefathers. The transmission of knowledge on ritual music still is passed on from generation to generation. This interdisciplinary research is on how the Shangwe interpret the natural phenomena constituting the rainmaking process. The interaction approach presented in this article explored the ethnometrological symbols used by the Shangwe in interpreting rainfall patterns during the rainy season. It also mapped out how this ethnic group demonstrated its indigenous understanding on rain formation that offer them hope in their future welfare. Unstructured interviews conducted among six men and five women who were locally renowned as information bearers of rainmaking practices revealed that: a) A particular pride of lions, bats, and certain eagles, called matendera are ethnometrological instruments which they employed to construe climate change in summer. b) There are two rainmaking songs which portray their metaphysical understanding of the Hydrological-Cycle. c) The concept of the Hydrological-Cycle existed among the Shangwe from time immemorial.

Employee Engagement and Organisational Performance in A Public Sector Organisation in Zimbabwe

Author(s):Peter Sibanda -- Taruona Muchena -- Farai Ncube
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 89- 99
The research analyses employee engagement as a precursor to unlocking organisational performance in a public sector organisation in Zimbabwe. The organisation (herein referred to as Zim-PSO), which has been plagued by operational and people challenges, is essentially locked in underperformance, which, it is argued, could improve as employee engagement levels also improved. A sample of 50 subjects participated in the research. Data were gathered using a combination of unstructured interviews, self-administered questionnaires and a content analysis of a range of secondary data sources in the organisation. A thematic analysis method was used to interpret and analyse the findings. The central argument in the research is that employee engagement is very critical in determining employee, and organisational performance. Findings reveal low levels of employee engagement that consequently result in a below-standard performance amongst the majority of employees. Attempts have been made to improve the work climate and motivation of employees, but the interventions are still insufficient. Whilst the organisation has suffered from a number of perennial problems, much way beyond what engagement can fix, this does not necessarily dwarf the capacity of engagement to stimulate positive employee behaviours that affect productivity and labour efficiency.

Music Analytical Presentation of Newlove Annan?s Mɔbɔ Dawur (I Will Tell it To The World) (Choral Composition)

Author(s):Joshua Alfred Amuah -- Emmanuel Obed Acquah
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 100-111
Mɔbɔ Dawur (I will tell it to the world) is an SATB work of Newlove Annan, a Ghanaian prolific choral music composer and organist. In Annan?s Mɔbɔ Dawur, he explores varied choral compositional styles. In this paper the writers attempt to provide an analysis of Mɔbɔ Dawur using musical analytical parameters such as; scale, melody, vocal ranges, harmony, rhythm texture, form, compositional techniques, dynamics and text, to unravel the various compositional styles that have been utilized by the composer. The outcome of the paper is to provide an analytic presentation of a choral piece that utilizes varied compositional dimensions to serve as the basis for the study and composition of choral works.

Course Outcomes Performance in Statistics for Engineers

Author(s):Yuzainee Md Yusoff -- Noor Saliza Mohd Salleh -- Nur Liyana Zakaria -- Khadijah Najid
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 112-120
The purpose of this study is to assess the level of knowledge and abilities of student based on ten course outcomes in Statistics for Engineers (MATB133). The course is a first year course in Bachelor of Civil Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional. The assessment was conducted on ninety six students of semester 1, 2012/2013 through assignments, quizzes, test and final examination. The finding shows that the students achievement is quite good in CO6, CO9 and CO10.  However, the performance in another seven course outcome were not as expected. Hopefully, the result of analysis will help lecturers to improve the performance of future students. The paper also provides suggestions on course outcomes that need to be focused on and more attention.
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