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Pooled Confirmatory Factor Analysis (PCFA) Using Structural Equation Modeling on Volunteerism Program: A Step by Step Approach

Author(s):Wan Mohamad Asyraf Bin Wan Afthanorhan --- Sabri Ahmad --- Ibrahim Mamat 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 642-653
Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) has been enjoyed for most of researchers nowadays to evaluate the fitness of measurement model using structural equation modeling. In this work paper, five variables namely Motivation, Benefits, Barrier, Challenge, and Government Support will be implement in this research of volunteerism program to carry out the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). On the use of CFA will ascertain the scholar endeavours to enhance the capability of latent measurement model to be more effective and precise for drawing the conclusion besides to avoid the violate of regression assumption. Of the introduction to Cronbach Alpha, Composite Reliability, Convergent and Discriminant Validity in particular analysis are much efficient as a proof for the scholars to apply the outcome analysis for the subsequent steps. In doing so, the findings appear are more coincides of the purpose of case study. Deductively, CFA is a basis tools to provide a best fit of measurement model whereby deteriorates the error of measurement model from to be harm. The limitation of particular analysis using individual measurement is incapable to execute the CFA once consist below than four manifest variables. The introduction to pool CFA is indeed as a solution of scholars to achieve the required level of assess measurement model.

Overinvestment, Underinvestment, Efficient Investment Decrease, and Efficient Investment Increase

Author(s):Hairong Tang --- Yuqing Shen --- Yao-Min Chiang 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 752-766
Using data of Chinese listed companies, we find that the relationship between capital expenditure growth and stock return does not monotonously increase or decrease. Four types of relationships exist between capital expenditure growth and stock returns: overinvestment, underinvestment, efficient investment decrease, and efficient investment increase. The first two types show inefficient investments, whereas the last two types show efficient investments. We further explore how ownership structure in Chinese listed companies affects the relationship between capital expenditure growth and stock return. We find that companies controlled by private investors tend to make inefficient investment decisions because of agency problems.

Industrial Dispersion in Thailand with Changes in Trade Policies

Author(s):Kenji Nozaki 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 806-819
Thailand, which is an industrial core of the GMS, hosts various industries. An understanding of current location of industry in Thailand is important in planning the future industrial network. In particular, as economic linkage within the GMS is becoming stronger, changes of industrial location with trade liberalization are an important correlation. Krugman and Elizondo (1996) provided a theoretical model for this relation. The present author conducted an empirical survey to determine whether industrial location in Thailand conforms to the Krugman and Elizondo?s model. This empirical study uses data on manufacturing of gross provincial product. The proportion of manufacturing within each province, and the Herfindahl index deriving from the proportion, were used. The result is that industrial location of Thailand conforms to Krugman and Elizondo?s model. During the period of import substitution, Bangkok grew to a large metropolis and gradually expanded into neighboring provinces, with escalating congestion costs. After an export oriented policy was implemented, the industries started to disperse, and some provinces became new industrial cores, with ports. In considering the extension of industries to neighboring countries, it appears that promoted investment projects, which could be leading indicators of future production, do not guarantee an increase of production in border provinces, at least in the middle term. As there is little research on this issue for Thailand, this paper will assist in identifying future industrial locations and formulating policy.

An Analysis on the Implementation of Industrial Training for Mechanical Engineering Students in Uniten

Author(s):Meenaloshini S --- Linda C --- Zaimah H --- Noor Zaimah M
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 664-669
This paper examines the implementation of industrial training programme for Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering in Universiti Tenaga Nasional. The main objective of industrial training is to expose students to the real working environment of an engineering profession. It is also believed that through the industrial training programme, industries can contribute towards enhancing the learning process of students. In addition, it helps the universities and industries to develop stronger links and collaboration between them such as in research and development.Our experience shows that about 40% of the students carried out their industrial training in the manufacturing sector, 20% in power utilities, while the other 40% in other sectors such as oil and gas, service and maintenance, engineering consultancy, and automotive industry. Feedbacks for the host supervisors from the industries indicate that the students are very productive and efficient. Our assessment also shows that at least 90% of the students are excellent in accomplishing the industrial training programme. Feedbacks form faculty members who visited the students on site were also gathered and analyzed. Finally, this paper will also highlight some pertinent views and recommendations from the host companies for further improvement of the industrial training programme.

Violence in Urban Schools in Romania Experimental Results

Author(s):Stan Nicolae Cristian 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 670-675
School violence is one of the phenomena not only growing in terms of the frequency with which it manifests itself in urban schools but also one of the factors with a major impact on the educational environment and the physical and psychological sense of security for students. Insecurity, present in the long-term, results in a reduced school performance of students, which makes it necessary to develop and implement programs to eliminate violence in schools. The effectiveness of prevention and combating school violence depends heavily on detailed knowledge of the peculiarities that characterize this phenomenon. In this context, this article focuses on highlighting the defining elements of school violence: What are the most common manifestations, who are the aggressors, where most of these acts of aggression produce and last but not least, what are the reactions of victims of school bullying.

The Dynamics of Export and Import Functions in Turkey: Cointegration and Multivariate Granger Causation Analysis

Author(s):Halil Altintaş --- Oğuzhan Turker 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 676-689
The study aims to analyze the determinants of foreign trade through the variables of national income, foreign direct investment, real exchange rates, and export and import prices for the period of 1987-2011. The export and import demand functions in Turkey are estimated using unit root test, co-integration analysis, and Granger causality tests. There is one-way short term Granger causal link from foreign income, real exchange rate and export price towards export in the export model. This model is also characterized by the fact that foreign income, foreign direct investment, real exchange rates and export price are the Granger causes of export in the long-run. In the import model, on the other hand, there is Granger causality link from Turkey?s real GDP, foreign direct investment, and real exchange rate towards import in the long-run. In addition, single way causality links have been encountered from foreign direct investment, real exchange rate and import price to import.

Historical Transformation of the Hakozaki Area as a Port Town in Fukuoka City

Author(s):Tomoya Ishibashi --- Hisashi Shibata
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 690-704
Originally, harbor was a point of contact of logistics and human flow. In analysis of city formation and development, it is significant to observe a port town. The subject of study is Hakozaki area long existed in Hakata Bay in Fukuoka City. The purpose of study is to consider the influence of city development on modernization by grasping historical transition of harbor. We used the literatures such as "Hakata harbor history" and "Fukuoka fishing village history", etc., the old maps and the old drawings. We arranged by the time series focusing on historical events up to the present from the formative period of the town.The points of this study are as follows.1) The space changes by reclamations after modernization separated waterside spaces from the life in Hakozaki area, and brought about a decline of the fishery. For this reason, the historic buildings landscape of the fishery settlement was lost partially. 2) The transitions of the coastline by modernization changed the sceneries of human activity, from human scale to infrastructure scale. 3) It is guessed that only the trunk road progressed by the delay of urban development, and the old street originating in the fishing village was saved extensively in Hakozaki area. 4) It is grasped that modernization provided the city with both sides of dramatic change and preservation.

Implementation of Graduate Exit Survey Using Moodle

Author(s):S. M. Goh --- C. F. Chau --- M. Z. Baharuddin --- I. Zainal Abidin 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 705-713
This paper offers the details of our experience in using and integrating Moodle into our learning system. Moodle is widely used as an alternative way of medium of instruction in UNITEN and it has the largest group of users within the College of Engineering (CoE). The primary discussion of this paper is to focus on utilizing two essential modules within Moodle, which is, the Questionnaire and Certificate modules. These modules were applied for the Final Year Project course in CoE for obtaining results from Graduate Exit Survey (GES) for graduating students. The application of these modules will be discussed and results are analyzed through data obtained before and after the implementation of the above mentioned modules.

An Analysis of Buddhist Elements in the Music of Princess Wen Cheng by Imee Ooi

Author(s):Xiao Hao Tee --- Fung Ying Loo 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 714-721
This article examines musical aspects of Princess Wen Cheng, a musical composed by Imee Ooi, a Malaysian composer. A majority of the past and present literature in Buddhist chant and music focus on chanting, devotional song and some on commercial popular music. This research looks into this piece of musical theatre that is based on the historical story of Wen Cheng Kongjo and analyses its musical content in relating to Buddhism. Selected analysis of the composition and its relations to Buddhism is highlighted, and the way in which elements from Buddhism, chanting and instrumentation are employed by Ooi in her music and the aspects of performance practice are discussed. This includes stylistic feature, melodic contour, harmonic progression and imitation of timbre in relation to Buddhist chanting and the instruments used in Buddhist ritual. Research methods include ethnography, interview, and analysis, revealing how this musical forms a new genre of Buddhist music to stand alongside others such as chant, devotional song and commercial popular music.
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