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The Examination of University Studentsí Life Quality Status

Author(s):Mona Tayyeba -- Ramazan Jahanian 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 526-532
Objective: This research aimed to examine students’ life quality majoring in Educational Science at Khwarizmi University was conducted. Method:  The present research is of descriptive survey types. The statistical population was 220 from Educational Science students at Khwarizmi University that 140 people was chosen as sample size using Random Number Table by    Lahiri method and were chosen using systematic sampling. To measure the criterion variable namely the WHOQOL-BREF quality of life questionnaire was used. (World Health Organization Quality of Life Group, 1998)Findings: The results of t-test for independent groups indicated that there is a significant difference between single and married students from a life quality standpoint and there is no significant difference from a gender viewpoint.  Pearson correlation test results also showed that there is a relationship between students? age and life quality. 

Employee Perceptions of Service Quality in the Namibian Hotel Industry: A SERVQUAL Approach

Author(s):Chileshe Ng’andu Musaba -- Emmanuel C. Musaba -- Simon I.R. Hoabeb 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 533-543
This study assessed employee perceptions of service quality in the Namibian hotel industry using the SERVQUAL approach.  The data for the study were collected from 77 employees drawn from two large hotels in Windhoek who were surveyed using a questionnaire covering five service quality dimensions of empathy, reliability, responsiveness, assurance and tangibles. Data were analyzed using gap score analysis and factor analysis. The gap score estimates revealed that on all the items, employee perceptions of quality service delivery in the hotels were lower than their expectations. The largest gap scores (-1.84 to -1.70) pointed to the presence of service gaps relating to: employers? fair treatment and care of employees; employees as a valued resource; employee empowerment to respond to customers without consulting managers; and employees trained and inducted for efficiency and effectiveness. Factor analysis extracted four factors which accounted for 73% of the total variance. The first factor being the most important accounted for 50% of the variance and it included items from the reliability and assurance dimensions namely: employees? comparable pay and benefits, flexible working hours, the use of employee feedback to improve service delivery, and training and inducting employees for efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery.  Based on the results management of hotels should address the employees? concerns raised in gap analysis and factor analysis in their formulation of strategies to enhance and sustain quality service delivery in their hotels. 

Akwa Ibom State Journalistsí Reaction to the Freedom of Information Act

Author(s):Eunice Chioma Nnadi -- Charles Obot 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 544-561
Access to information is vital to the journalism profession.  Nigerian journalists have over the years been practicing in an environment that is bedeviled with the dearth of information that should have been a public right, but the enactment of the Freedom of Information (FOI) Act in 2011 has paved the way for everyone hopefully, to get access to information on request. This study set out to find out the level of awareness of the provisions of FOI by journalists in AkwaIbomState and to find out the impression journalists in AkwaIbomState have about FOI Act.  The study also investigated the experience of practicing journalists in AkwaIbomState since the FOI came into force as well as the perception of journalists in AkwaIbomState with regards to the enforcement/compliance with the provisions of the FOI. The Anchoring this study on the Libertarian or free press and the social responsibility theories, the survey method was adopted to investigate the reaction of Akwa Ibom State Journalists as regards the Freedom of Information Act. A total of 166 copies of the questionnaire were distributed in Nine Chapels of the Nigerian Union of Journalists (NUJ) in the state. Data collected showed that many journalists have not read the FOI Act, but are aware of its enactment. Among those who have read the Act, inaccessibility to information still prevails as journalists are still faced with the challenge of accessing information both in private and government institutions. It also shows that the benefits of the FOI Act is that of freedom of expression, press freedom and right to access information which is the hallmark of the FOI Act as there is a euphoric response by Akwa Ibom state journalists to the enactment of the Act as they wait to utilize its provisions. The study therefore recommends that journalists should read the FOI Act, sensitization about the FOI Act should be conducted, public officers should update all information in their custody so as to facilitate easy and rapid release of information when requested, the  right of access to information should be enjoyed by everyone and the FOI Act should be enforced.

Poverty and Voting Trend in Tanzania From 1990 to the 2010 General Elections

Author(s):Gasper Mpehongwa 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 562-571
This paper analyzed voting and poverty trends in Tanzania from 1990 to the 2010 general elections.  It used documentary and historical trends to collect and analyze relevant data.  Findings show that basic needs poverty has declined from 47% to 21% in urban areas, and 33% in rural areas. In the same period, the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi  (CCM) has lost about 35% support but enjoys considerable followings in regions with high incidences of basic needs poverty, although even in these areas elections are becoming increasingly competitive. Furthermore, while the ruling party, CCM appear to lose support, its macro economy policies have steered the economy to grow at an average of 5.8% per year in the review period but growth failed to reduce basic needs poverty in rural areas. Experts predict a sustained economic growth in the near future, but skeptical on poverty reduction. This paper recommends that for any party to enjoy sustainable support it will have to address woes of rural voters.  Given the increases access to media and civil societies, it will no longer be possible to rely on ignorance of rural voters to win elections.

A Multilevel Study on Trends in Malaysian Secondary School Students? Science Attitude: Evidence from TIMSS 2011

Author(s):Mohd Erfy Ismail --- Mohd Ali Samsudin --- Ahmad Nurulazam Md. Zain 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 572-584
The aim of this study was to examine the students? attitudes towards science achievement among eight grade students. The data used in this study were obtained from Malaysian eighth graders who participated in TIMSS 2011. The approach used in this study involves secondary data analysis. Secondary data analysis involves further analysis of an existing dataset with the aim of addressing a research question distinct from that for which the dataset was originally collected and generating novel interpretations and conclusions. A multilevel modeling was used to analyze the data. Multilevel modeling is a generalization of regression methods, and as such can be used for a variety of purposes, including prediction, data reduction, and causal inference from experiments and observational studies. Findings of this study found that certain demographic factors do play a role in determining the students? interest on science.

The Relationship Between Perception of Organizational Structure and Human Resource Development

Author(s):Ahmad Maleki --- Fariba Karimi 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 585-597
This study explores the relationship between Perception of organizational structure and human resources development for the employees of Mobarakeh Esfahan Steel Company .For this study a descriptive method of a correlational nature was employed. The statistical population comprised all the Mobarakeh Esfahan Steel Company employees, from whom, using a systematic sampling technique and Cochran?s Sample Size Estimation Formula, 375 employees were selected for the sample size. The data collection tool comprised two self-made questionnaires on the organizational structure with the aspect of formality,  centralization and complexity and the other questionnaire for the human resources development inventory with the aspect of perceptional skills is self-confidence, occupational conscience, self-evaluation, occupational skills, creativity, shift-adaption and voluntary team work. Using Cronbach?s alpha coefficient, the reliability coefficient for the organizational structure questionnaire was 0/79 and for the human resources development questionnaire was 0/90. There is an inverse relation between all three dimensions of formality, centralization and complexity with a number of Human Resources Development constructs i.e. occupational conscience, self-evaluation and occupational skills. There was a negative relation between formality, creativity and voluntary team work, centralization, self-confidence and creativity and complexity with perceptional skills, self-confidence and voluntary team work with Human Recourses Development. Step wise Regression findings showed that the best human resources development predictors among Mobarakeh Esfahan Steel Complex employees were complexity in the first stage and centralization combined with complexity in the second stage.

Investigation of the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Opportunity Recognition and Entrepreneurial Capitals

Author(s):Susan Ramezanpour --- Seyran Amiriyan --- Ali Naghi Mosleh Shirazi 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 598-613
The heart of entrepreneurship is the creation and/or recognition of opportunities. Although there is no universal definition of entrepreneurship, opportunity recognition has been viewed as the central definition of this phenomenon. Without an opportunity there is no entrepreneurship. Therefore opportunity recognition is widely seen as a key step of the entrepreneurial processes. The identification of opportunities has been recognized as one of the most important abilities of successful entrepreneurs. The goal of this study is to examine the relationship between the entrepreneurial opportunity recognition process and the social, human capital. The entrepreneurship model utilized in this study is the one following the resource-based theory. In the framework of the present study a total of 353 questionnaires were distributed among Iranian entrepreneurs and the data were analyzed based on multi variety regression and path analysis.The obtained results from data analyses show that the process of opportunity recognition among Iranian entrepreneurs is dependent upon social and human capitals.

An Exploratory Study of the Quality of English Teacher Education Programs at Malaysian Tertiary Institutions: How is Quality Achieved

Author(s):Jinan Hatem Issa  --- Hazri Jamil 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 614-631
In response to the growing competition among Malaysian tertiary institutions to enrol students, education quality has become a key concern. The quality of English teacher education is critical and is a focus of the English Language Teaching profession. The current study was undertaken to explore the quality of English teacher education by measuring the indicators of four forms of capital (intellectual, financial, spiritual, and social) as determinants of quality. Sixty-nine heads and lecturers of English teacher education programs at five Malaysian major public tertiary institutions participated in the study; they completed questionnaires containing forty indicators of ?self-assessment?. The findings indicated the highest and lowest indicators of each of the four forms of capital. Additionally, some significant positive correlations were reported among the four forms of capital. These results demonstrated that academic staff should continuously change, adapt, and learn to not get left behind. Most importantly, executives in English teacher education programs at Malaysian public tertiary institutions should lead, rather than follow, in the development of quality programs.

Awareness Regarding Cyber Victimization among Students of University of Sindh, Jamshoro

Author(s):Muhammad Abdullah Avais --- Aijaz Ali Wassan --- Hameeda Narejo --- Jameel Ahmed Khan 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 632-641
The crimes that are committed by computers and networks called cybercrimes. The aim of study is to know the awareness towards cyber victimization among students of university of Sindh Jamshoro. 100 students (50% male and female) were selected through purposive sampling. The result shows that 77% respondents don?t bother to share their personal informations with cyber friends. Only 41 % respondents like to read policy guidelines of any social networking site. 57 % respondents use internet more than 06 hours on daily basis. 82% respondents believe that women are more prone to cyber attacks. 73% respondents don?t know regarding any government department for their help in case of cyber victimization.
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