Art & Social Sciences

Search by keywords:
Total Articles 64 - 72 of 3432 | Total Books 1 |

Increasing Personal Value Congruence in Computerized Decision Support Using System Feedback

Author(s):Bryan Hosack -- David Paradice
Journal: Axioms
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 84-108
The Theory of Universals in Values (TUV), a reliable and validated conceptualization of personal values used in psychology, is used to examine the effect of system feedback delivered by a Decision Support System (DSS) on personal values. The results indicate that value-based decision-making behavior can be influenced by DSS feedback to address value congruence in decision-making. User behavior was shown to follow the outcomes expected by operant theory when feedback was supportive and to follow the outcomes of reactance theory when feedback was challenging. This result suggests that practitioners and Information System (IS) researchers should consider user values when designing computerized decision feedback to adjust a system’s design such that the potential user backlash is avoided or congruence between organizational and personal values is achieved.

Optimization Models for Reaction Networks: Information Divergence, Quadratic Programming and Kirchhoff’s Laws

Author(s):Julio Michael Stern -- Fabio Nakano
Journal: Axioms
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 109-118
This article presents a simple derivation of optimization models for reaction networks leading to a generalized form of the mass-action law, and compares the formal structure of Minimum Information Divergence, Quadratic Programming and Kirchhoff type network models. These optimization models are used in related articles to develop and illustrate the operation of ontology alignment algorithms and to discuss closely connected issues concerning the epistemological and statistical significance of sharp or precise hypotheses in empirical science.

Ricci Curvature on Polyhedral Surfaces via Optimal Transportation

Author(s):Benoît Loisel -- Pascal Romon
Journal: Axioms
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 119-139
The problem of correctly defining geometric objects, such as the curvature, is a hard one in discrete geometry. In 2009, Ollivier defined a notion of curvature applicable to a wide category of measured metric spaces, in particular to graphs. He named it coarse Ricci curvature because it coincides, up to some given factor, with the classical Ricci curvature, when the space is a smooth manifold. Lin, Lu and Yau and Jost and Liu have used and extended this notion for graphs, giving estimates for the curvature and, hence, the diameter, in terms of the combinatorics. In this paper, we describe a method for computing the coarse Ricci curvature and give sharper results, in the specific, but crucial case of polyhedral surfaces.

The Students’ Genre Awareness and Their Reading Comprehension of Different Text Types

Author(s):Yenni Rozimela 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 460-469
This article presents the results of a study looking at the relationship between genre awareness and reading comprehension. The study explores how 34 randomly selected students of a university in Indonesia understood the characteristics of 10 texts of 5 different genres and comprehended the texts. The students were required to answer 60 questions testing their knowledge about genres and 80 questions for reading comprehension. The results of the study show that a strong indication of the relationship of these two variables. On average the students? genre awareness was low as they could only answer about 23% of the questions. Their reading comprehension indicates a similar result. They could answer only about 37% of the questions on average. This conclusion is also affirmed by the fact that the students whose genre awareness was good also had good reading comprehension, and vice versa. Interestingly, some other factors that apparently influence the students? reading comprehension were also evident. They were background knowledge about the content of the texts and field-related vocabulary.

The "Law of the Jungle" Is Not Lawlessness After All: An Assessment of Governance as Portrayed in the Ndebele Folktales

Author(s):Faith Sibanda 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 470-479
Whoever came up with the adage, "the law of the jungle", seems not to have taken time to assess the behavior of the animals in relation to social and political governance as well as their application of the rule of law. The statement is meant to suggest that there is chaos and disorder in the forest so much so that things happen haphazardly. On the contrary, it is more apparent in most African folktales that the animal world has always been, as it continues to be, characterised by an orderly system of governance as well as rule of law compared to their human counterparts. The socio-political structure which prevails in the animal community clearly reflects an orderly system of governance where the bigger and braver assume political authority and social responsibility. The small but witty also assume the role of advisors and keep checks and balances on power abuse while the rest are innocent but faithful followers. This paper seeks to interrogate Ndebele folktales with the view to demonstrate that animals have an orderly socio-political hierarchy which can be emulated by humans in order to preserve their national heritages which are under threat.

Trends Analysis of Public Expenditure on Infrastructure and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Author(s):Edame Greg Ekpung 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 480-491
This study critically analyze the trends analysis of public expenditure on infrastructure and economic growth in Nigeria, from 1970 to 2010. The  objective of the study is to examine the trend in public expenditure on infrastructure in Nigeria between 1970 to 2010; to compare the trend in public expenditure between the various regimes in Nigeria between 1970 to 2010; to evaluate  the relationship between expenditure on infrastructure and long-run economic growth; access  the factors that influence public expenditure growth in infrastructure; test for the stability of growth in public expenditure on infrastructure over time and derive policy recommendations based on the findings of the study.

What Makes A Teacher A Better Teacher? A Hierarchical Regression Analysis of Self Efficacy and Commitment as Predictors of Faculty Members Job Performance

Author(s):Joselito R. Ereno -- Karen T. Nunez 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 492-498
Teachers, as the core facilitators of learning, are at the forefront of any academic institution. For learning to take place, the competencies of the teachers, more than any technological advances that a university can offer, should be taken into consideration. With this, universities and colleges have ensured that only academically accomplished teaching professionals are invited to share their expertise to students of higher education institutions. With uniformity in academic accomplishment set as a standard, what then makes other teachers better teachers compared to other teachers? This research is an attempt to elucidate the predictive value of self efficacy and organizational commitment to the job performance of collegiate faculty members. Using hierarchical regression analysis, the results obtained indicated that self efficacy and not organizational commitment is what predicts the performance of faculty members. 

Analysis of Management Structures of Private Sector Schools in Punjab

Author(s):Muhammad Mushtaq 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 499-509
The private sector in education is playing very important role in delivering quality education. A quite reasonable proportion of students, 34% of the total enrolled students are in private sector schools. Public sector has homogeneous and traditional type of management structures whereas private sector has various, innovative and different type of management structures. The research study was designed to find out the different type of management structures at secondary school level particularly in private sector. The population of the study consisted of the private secondary schools affiliated with Federal  Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Islamabad. The data was collected by analyzing the prospectus, handouts, and pamphlets available to the researcher. It was found that there are seven broad types of management structures in different schools. The structures were ranked by giving them management structure score on the basis of the variety, horizontal layout, vertical lay out and gender wise positions held by different key figures running the schools from day to day. It was recommended that a training mechanism may be developed to provide training to private school administrators, the schools should display their rules and regulations in black and white, a minimum qualification for managers and schools administrators may also be made compulsory by the boards.The study was conducted by myself and there is no other orgnaisation that contributed in the study, neither any one has conflicting interests.

School Resiliency and Social Capital of Regrouping Policy after Merapi Eruption in the Special District of Yogyakarta of Indonesia (A Case Study at Sd Umbulharjo 2, Sleman, Special District of Yogyakarta)

Author(s):Siti Irene Astuti Dwiningrum -- Rani Widiowati 
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 510-525
Regrouping is a government?s policy to solve educational problems existing at the location of Merapi eruption by uniting / regrouping some schools in the eruption zone due to severe destruction at the former school buildings. The aims of the study were 1) to describe the process of regrouping policy and resiliency; 2) to describe the role of social capital of the school resiliency, 3) to describe the usefulness of social capital regarding the development of school?s programs after the eruption.This qualitative research was conducted in SD N Umbulharjo 2 as one of the schools implementing the regrouping policy after the catastrophe. The data analysis techniques involved observation, in-depth interview, focused-group discussion and documentation. The data were analyzed through data reduction technique, data display, conclusion and data verification. The validity was obtained through the triangulation methods considering the source of information and time allocation.The result of the research showed that; Firstly, regrouping is a government?s policy regarding the solution regarding educational problems in the eruption zone dealing with creating effective teaching and learning process. Moreover, regrouping can also help the schools? principals, teachers and the students to build school resiliency. Secondly, the school resiliency needs social capital to energize the school?s stakeholders collectively after the eruption to create better teaching and learning process. Thirdly, social capital is very useful for the development of school?s programs, especially after the eruption, to keep the students? engagement and passion in the process of learning.
Page:12345678910Next