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Total Articles 46 - 54 of 3432 | Total Books 1 |

Leadership and Performance: The Case of Malaysian SMEs in the Services Sector

Author(s):Ahmad Fadhly Arham
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 343-355
Most of SMEs in Malaysia are in the services industry. The industry is believed to largely contribute to Malaysia?s economy. The success and performance of services SMEs are obviously depended upon several contributing factors ? managers? leadership skills and qualities are reported to be two of them. The current study, aims to investigate the impact of leadership behaviours on the performance of services SMEs in Malaysia. 193 owners and top managers of services SMEs in Malaysia participated in the study. The results revealed that: a) there were significant relationships between different leadership behaviours and organisational performance of services SMEs; and b) transformational leadership contributed more significantly to the performance of SMEs than transactional leadership behaviour. The findings implicate that leadership behaviour of leaders of SMEs is one of the essential factors that influences SMEs performance in the services sector.

Urban Housing Policy and its Implications on the Low-Income Earners of A Harare Municipality, Zimbabwe

Author(s):Wisdom Moyo
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 356-365
Domestic shelter is an important basic need in all societies. In Zimbabwe, the provision of housing has been one of the most critical issues of government social policy especially since after independence in 1980.  The government is confronted with keeping pace with the demands for low income housing. To deal with these problems government introduced the Low income urban housing policy. The research highlights the fragility of the poor?s claim to the right of permanent residency emphasizing inadequate state funding and poverty. This study examines this policy and its implications on the low income earners of Zimbabwe. To complement document analysis, questionnaires will be distributed to the low-income earners and the management of the municipality. By employing combination of these two methodological approaches the aim is to obtain a holistic picture of the formulation of the policy and the envisaged implementation procedure.  Results of this study would help in shaping the direction of the ongoing debate on housing in Zimbabwe. Recommendation is that policymakers need to combine information gathered through land price surveys and household surveys to provide an up to date, accurate and detailed profile of land and housing market.  

Relating Religiosity to Quality of Life in Older People in Differentiation from Spirituality: Some Insight from 2011 Taiwan Social Change Survey

Author(s):Tungshan Chou
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 366-378
This study examined the role of spirituality in relation to the impact of religiosity on older people?s quality of life in the Taiwanese context. Responses from two hundred fifty-eight participants over the age of 65 in a nationwide survey conducted in 2011 provided the data for this study. Both religiosity and spirituality constructs were represented by behavioral indicators: frequency of religious attendance and spiritual experiences encountered. The quality of life construct was measured in three aspects: growth needs, general life satisfaction, and physical activeness. The results supported the assertion that religiosity positively predicts older people?s quality of life and spirituality moderates such a relationship. The implications were discussed in light of recent research findings on religious homophily/exclusivity and civic participation. 

Effect of Gender on Academic Performance of Maritime Trainees in Nigeria Taught With Web-Based Resources

Author(s):Kevin Okonna -- B. C. Ushie -- Gibson Okworo
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 379-382
A research project was undertaken into the effects of utilization of Web-based resources and the academic performance of maritime trainees in Nigeria. This paper reports on the results of the aspect of the research which investigated the effect of gender on the academic performance of maritime trainees in Nigeria when Web-based resources are used for instruction. Pretest posttest non-equivalent control group design was employed using a total of forty maritime trainees, twenty participants each in the experimental and control groups, from the maritime industry in Nigeria. Findings showed that no significant difference exists between the academic performance of male and female maritime security trainees.

Mobile Phone Feature Preferences and Consumption Pattern of Students in University of Sargodha

Author(s):Noureen Akhtar -- Samreen Saleem -- Sadia Qamar -- Muhammad Iqbal -- Asma Shaheen -- Tahir Mahmood
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 383-391
The use of mobile in Pakistan is growing with fast speed. Pakistan ranks fifth in Asia in mobile phone users as more than hundred million people are using mobile phones in the country. The youth is playing a vital role in adopting the ways towards the advancement of technology.  Mobile youth market in Pakistan is saturated. The objective of this study is to investigate the preference of brands, network providers and purchasing features, account recharge, calling and text patterns of the students in University of Sargodha. For this purpose questionnaire was designed to collect the data from the sample size of four hundred respondents (students). Simple random sampling technique was used for this purpose. From this study we conclude that majority of respondents have started using mobile phone at the age of eighteen. Nokia brand is the most favorite brand and students mostly prefer moderate price while purchasing a cell phone. Mobilink is the preferred connection and considered as status symbol. Most of them weekly recharge their account and use easy load as medium of recharge. They make/receive 0-10 minutes calls and send or receive 31-100 text messages per day.

The "Maquila" Lessons and Implications to Thai-Myanmar Border Development

Author(s):Hiroyuki Taguchi -- Nattawoot Tripetch
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 392-406
This paper aims to extract the lessons from the ?Maquila? history of the US-Mexico border development and to present their policy implications to the upcoming Thai-Myanmar border development. The ?Maquila? system, the Mexican ?in-bond processing? program is said to be the most successful case as border area  development in the world, since it has contributed a lot to the development of Mexican economy as well as of the US border cities from its spillover effects, though it has faced several challenges under fierce global competition. The Maquila-wise system is definitely required in Thai-Myanmar border development both for the job creations in Myanmar side and for the industrial reformation in Thailand side. Careful designing of in-bond processing system, enhancing outer-link connectivity from borders to central cities, and labor skill development are the policy implications obtained from the Maquila lessons.

The Contemplative Intelligence in the Quran and Sunnah and its Role in Knowlledge Acquisition

Author(s):Ssuna Salim -- Syahrul Faizaz Abdullah
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 407-421
The aim of this study is to analyze the contemplative intelligence, the ability of the individual to essentially possess a knowledge that relates the knower to higher modes of being. This knowledge is identified with shuhud (vision) and ta?ammul as one of the most important aspects of an Islamic personality in the process of knowledge acquisition which if neglected will negatively affect the process knowledge acquisition. The descriptive analytical synthetic descriptive approach is used which is mainly interpretative in the form of textual commentary.  The study defines and critically analyzes Quranic and Prophetic traditions in relation to what contemplative intelligence is and its relation to knowledge acquisition. The study explains means and ways how the contemplative intelligence should be developed and what is its role in creating God-conscious personalities which will get fully closer to Allah the Almighty in all their endeavors in order to effectively acquire beneficial knowledge. The study concludes by viewing the contemplative intelligence as an indispensable aspect of contemporary Muslims. The study advocates that all Muslim institutions of learning, parents, teachers, preachers and all levels of Muslim communities must have a clear understanding or at least an exposure of this aspect, since it acts as a drive to the soul traveling on the path of God in this life and the life hereafter. 

The Challenges of Cultural Agencies and Mass Media in Promoting the Transformation Agenda in Nigeria

Author(s):Charlie Nwekeaku
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 422-433
The objective of this paper is to x-ray the challenges of the cultural agencies and the mass media in promoting the implementation of the Transformation Agenda of the Jonathan Administration, as well as mapping out effective strategies for improved performance of the media in the transformation process. Secondary data, generated through documentary evidence, were used for the analysis, while the Systems theory, as enunciates by David Easton, was adopted as a theoretical framework. It was discovered that the media and cultural agencies would play active role in the information dissemination process of the agenda through editorials, news and features stories, special projects, documentaries, special and sponsored programmes, drama and video shows among others. However, the role of the media and cultural agencies are hampered by economic woes, lack of basic infrastructural facilities, high tariffs on media materials and equipment, existence of some obnoxious media laws, editorial interference, limited and poor education of some media men, high rate of westernization, insecurity and ethnocentrism, among others. It is recommended that improved welfare package and insurance scheme, removal of tariffs on media equipment, regular training and retraining of media men, adoption of positive and development journalism will improve media participation in the propagation of the transformation agenda.

An Assessment of Students Entrepreneurial Intentions in Tertiary Institution: A Case of Kano State Polytechnic, Nigeria

Author(s):Abubakar S.Garba -- Salwa Kabir -- Amina Mohd Nalado
Journal: International Journal of Asian Social Science
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 434-443
The aim of the study is to examine students? entrepreneurial intentions. A survey was conducted at School of Management Studies, Kano State Polytechnic. The population of the study composed of final year HND students in various managerial or administrative programmes. The study selected 312 samples using purposive sampling techniques. The study used theory of planned behavior and Shapero?s model to explain entrepreneurial intentions of the student as used in other study. Regression method was used to examine factors influencing entrepreneurial intention of the students. More so, in order to determine how students differ on their entrepreneurial intention, analysis of variance (ANOVA) has been employed. The results show that perceived desirability has statistically significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention, while the perceived feasibility has no significant relationship with entrepreneurial intention. The result also indicates that both perceived desirability and perceived feasibility are not determinants of students? entrepreneurial intentions. It is also reveals that there is no statistical difference among the students on their entrepreneurial intention. There is need for future researchers to compare students from entirely different fields on their attitude and entrepreneurial intentions. It is important to policy makers to understand the need to have a variety of entrepreneurship course modules that will enable students to choose areas on their own rather than having same course for every student.
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