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Total Articles 55 - 63 of 4293 | Total Books 1 |

Comparing the Local Climate Change and its Effects on Physiological Aspects and Yield of Ramie Cultivated in Different Biophysical Environments

Author(s):M. Subandi
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 515-524
Three experiments in three different biophysical environments were conducted in Jatinangor, Sumedang District, Jatitujuh. Majalengka District and Bandung District of West Java Province, Indonesia. The experiment were conducted to evaluate the environments, seasons, manure, nitrogen and potassium effect on the physiological aspects and yield of ramie plant (Boehmerianivea L. Gaud).The locations diverse at different elevation, rainfall type and soil type and atmospheric regimes. The experiments passed the years 2000-2001. The experiment in Sumedang regency was continued with two other experiments in 2007, and experiment in Bandung district was conducted in 2014.The field experiments design used in all the locations were randomized block design arranged in factorial pattern with two factors and two replications. Climatic analysis is done by comparing the atmospheric data of 2000-2001 and the data of 2002-2007 and the data of 2014. Assumed that all the local atmospheric data are atmospheric data under influence of climatic global change. Results of the experiments were: Jatitujuh region is not suitable for ramie cultivation. Dosage of waterw3=35%-40% of Field Capacity affecting sufficient growth on plant.The minimum dosage at which plant survive to produce yield is representing the most efficient input of production.Water supply for ramie plant could be designed to the most efficient volume to maintain the need of metabolism.

Factors Affecting Agricultural Sustainability-A Case Study of Hail Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Author(s):Khalid A. Asiry, Sami Saeed M. Hassan and Monif M. AlRashidi 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 674-687
Availability of data on agricultural activities and production are essential for an appropriate socio-economic planning and sustainability. This study was conducted using a questionnaire that was randomly distributed to farmers to identify some features of the agricultural activities in Hail region and to serve as baseline data on agricultural practices. The questionnaire was divided into main topics including socio-economic status of farms, farm area, main crops, production systems, agricultural practices, financial support, and use of wind breaks, water conservation, animal husbandry and marketing. Some of the results showed that date palms and alfalfa fodder were found to be the main grown crops in addition to citrus, grapes, vegetables, wheat and Rye. In most cases, all these crops were cultivated in open fields, compared to only 18% grown in green houses. About half of the farmers adopted the monoculture system and only 44.9% of them applied the crop rotation. More than 70% of farmers raise animals and the most commonly reared animal are sheep (53.6%) followed by goats (23%), camels (18%) and poultry (4.5%). The study revealed that Hail region is an important agricultural area in KSA and some agricultural practices need to be revised and directed towards sustainability through extension programmes.

Analysis of Rice Production Instability in Southeast Asian Countries

Author(s):Mamma Sawaneh, Ismail Abd Latif and Amin Mahir Abdullah
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 688-696
This study measures the extent of rice production instability and the sources of instability in selected rice producing countries of Southeast Asia. A time series data on rice harvested area, yield and production of five Southeast Asian countries was used to analyze the components of production changes (area, yield and interaction effects) from 1980 to 2010. The production data is categorized into two periods: (i) 1980/81 to 1994/95 and (ii) 1995/96 to 2009/10. The results show a significant increase in rice production in all the countries during the reference period. However, the effect of area and yield to increase production differs from one country to another. It is noted that instability in area, yield and production in countries (except for Malaysia) are positively related. Furthermore, the decomposition analysis indicated that changes in mean yield mainly contribute to mean production in Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam while change in mean area contributed larger in Myanmar. However, changes in area-yield covariance between periods made a negligible contribution to the change in rice production.

Economics of Garlic Production in Baran District of Rajasthan; Break Even Analysis

Author(s):Lokesh Kumar Meena, Chandra Sen, Shoji lal Bairwa, Arun jhajharia and N. K. Raghuwanshi
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 697-701
The study focuses on economic analysis of garlic production in the Baran District of Rajasthan. The study is carried out to determine break even analysis and constraints of garlic production in the study area. Break even analysis is carried out to arrive at that minimum level at which optimum conditions of cost and returns is equated that is no profit no loss point. In this study selected small, medium and large farmers will not be at loss even if their actual yield of garlic is decline by 56.22, 54.27 and 54.18 quintals per hectare respectively and selected small, medium and large farmers will not be at loss even if their actual price of garlic is decline by 986.96, 1005.55 and 1014.77 /quintals respectively. Break even yield and price were increased with increased size of holding of farmers. The most serious constraints as perceived by the farmers in garlic production were the high price of garlic seed at time of sowing, high cost of garlic cultivation, Unfavourable product price and High cost of irrigation etc.

Agro-morphological, Physiological and Yield related Performances of Finger Millet [Eleusine coracana (l.) Gaertn.] Accessions Evaluated for Drought Resistance under Field Condition

Author(s):Awol Assefa, Masresha Fetene and Kassahun Tesfaye
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 709-720
The study was conducted at Dhera Sub-center of Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia from July - December 2011; to screen drought tolerance of 96 finger millet accessions (Eleusine coracana L. Gaertn.) collected from different agro-ecological zones of the country. Data were collected for plant height (PH), green leaf number (GLN), green leaf area (GLA), ear number (EN), ear length (EL) and relative water content (RWC). Significant difference (P<0.05) were obtained between accessions for most selected physiological, morphological and yield related traits such as Chlorophyll Content Index (CCI), RWC, and yield related parameters, such as tiller number (TN), productive tillers (PT), seed weight per head and per plant. Based on high RWC, CCI, GLN, PT, EL, and EN, Grain Yield per head and per plant, a total of 23 accessions were categorized as drought stress tolerance and promoted to the next intensive physiological and yield related evaluation. Moreover, AAUFM-7, AAUFM-2, AAUFM-44 were the first top three accessions with the highest grain yield of 77.5, 72g/plant and 65.4g/plant, respectively. Overall, the higher genetic variability observed among accession in this study should be further utilized for finger millet improvement targeting semi-arid areas of Ethiopia.

Time Series Analysis of Wheat flour Price Shocks in Pakistan: A Case Analysis

Author(s):Asad Raza Abdi, Ali Hassan Halepoto, Aisha Bashir Shah and Faiz M. Shaikh
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 702-708
The current research investigates the wheat flour Price Shocks in Pakistan: A case analysis. Data was collected by using secondary sources by using Time series Analysis, and data were analyzed by using SPSS-20 version. It was revealed that the price of wheat flour increases from last four decades, and trend of price shocks shows that due to certain market variation and supply and demand shocks also play a positive relationship in price shocks in the wheat prices. It was further revealed that Government should take certain measures to Stable prices of wheat in Pakistan.

Factors Affecting the Adoption and use of NERICA Varieties among Rice Producing Households in Ghana

Author(s):Asante Bright Owusu, Wiredu Alexander Nimo, Dogbe Wilson, Asuming-Boakye Alfred, Frimpong Benedicta Nsiah, Haleegoah Joyce, Nortey John and Diagne Aliou
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 721-735
This paper uses cross sectional data which were collected from 200 smallholder rice producers in Ghana, to examine the factors influencing the adoption and extent of use of NERICA rice varieties in Ghana. About 57.93 per cent of the sampled rice producers allocated 35.77 per cent of their land to NERICA accounting for about 33.13 per cent of seeds planted. The Tobit regression model suggests fertilizer use, existence of other complementary projects in the area, proportion of active persons in household, access to alternative income sources, distance to seed source and education as key factors influencing the quantity of seeds planted as well as the proportion of land allocated to the NERICA varieties. With the exception of distance to seed source, all the other factors positively influenced the extents of adoption. The findings suggest the need to ensure availability of NERICA seeds within acceptable distances to farming communities. This could be achieved through identification of certified rice seed growers in strategic locations throughout the country and supported with necessary logistics to produce NERICA seeds at reasonable proximities to rice producing communities. This could also be enhanced through establishment of linkages with existing institutions and projects to compliment promotional efforts.

Analysis of Cassava Product (Garri) Marketing in Ekiti Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria

Author(s):Olasore Abiodun Amos, Rauf Saliu Imam, Alao Bashir Idowu and Abdulraheem Ayinla Mubarak
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 736-745
This study is on analysis of cassava product (garri) marketing in Ekiti Local Government Area, Kwara State, Nigeria. Data for the study were obtained from 150 respondents from the target group using a two-stage sampling procedure and analyzed using descriptive statistics, Gini Coefficient and Lorenz Curve. Gini Coefficient for all cassava product traders was estimated to be 0.624 or 62.4%. The estimated Gini Coefficient show high degree of inequality in the sales/income distribution. The Lorenz Curve plotted further revealed sales/income inequality among the traders. A wide gap between line of inequality and the plotted Lorenz Curve showed that there is a high inequality in the distribution of income among traders.

Strategy Formulation of Empowering Farmers Capability at Integrated Farming of Beef Cattle and Paddy Base on Zero Waste: Analytical Hierarchy Process Approach

Author(s):Agustina Abdullah, Hikmah M. Ali and Jasmal A. Syamsu
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 746-752
The study aims to formulate a strategy for strengthening the farmers in the adoption of technology for the development of integrated beef cattle with paddy. Research was conducted in Pinrang South Sulawesi province for seven months. Primary Data obtained by using questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussion. In this study also was involved expert respondents. Flow implementation strategy formulation is done using analytical hierarchy process (AHP) techniques. The results showed that to increased optimally capacity of paddy straw processing technologies dairy farmers as feed technology for implementation strategies required waste treatment at the level of the farmers (weighting 0,558). Increased capacity of the farmersin cow waste processing technology as fertilizer can be achieved by applying a strategy of increased knowledge and skills of extension officers in sewage treatment technology (weighting 0,443). In order to increase achievement farmers cow waste processing technology as biogas and development material/methods extension technology based on the needs of ranchers was required a strategy in providing of facilities and infrastructure supporting the application of the technology of sewage treatment (weighted 0.590 and 0,517).
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