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Total Articles 46 - 54 of 4293 | Total Books 1 |

The Perceptions of a Farming Community in the Limpopo Province on HIV/AIDS

Author(s):Ntombifikile Elizabeth Klaas -- Mmapheko Doriccah Peu -- Thinavhuyo Robert Netangaheni 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 437-448
The HIV/AIDS pandemic has evoked a wide range of reactions from individuals, communities, and even nations. These reactions range from sympathy and caring to silence, denial, fear and anger. Little is known about the farming community?s views in Africa, and South Africa in particular. It is therefore crucial to understand these views in order to mitigate the spread of HIV/AIDS. An explorative and descriptive research design was applied. Purposive and convenience sampling was used to select participants with whom one-on-one semi- structured interviews were conducted between October and November 2012 in the Levubu farming community in the Limpopo Province. Data was collected until data saturation was reached and no new information was obtained. Data saturation was reached after interviewing fifteen participants and the author interviewed five more participants after data saturation. Tesch?s data analysis method was used. Four categories were identified during data analysis: emotions linked to HIV/AIDS, individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognition and affect and healthcare needs. Training on HIV/AIDS is crucial, as the study revealed that despite the ongoing HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns in South Africa, some segments of the population are not getting the message, specifically the farming community.

Economic Rotation of Sissoo Tree Plantations (Strip) in Bangladesh

Author(s):Mohammad Yunus -- Hossain, M. A. T. Farhana -- MD. Milon
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 449-457
The paper elaborately discusses the various economic rotation methods of sissoo (Dalbergia sissoo) plantations in Bangladesh. Under the present management system, mode of marketing, market mechanism and all the economic criteria for Bangladesh as a whole, the economic rotation of sissoo tree may be fixed at 8 year for fuel wood and 12 or 13 year for timber. But if the Mean Annual Increment (MAI) is considered as rotation criterion, rotation age as 6 year for fuel wood and 11 to 13 year for timber may be suggested. The elimination rates varied from 10% to 72% depending on plantation year and location. It was found 10% in the area of Jessore and more than 50% in Rajshahi, Jessore and Dinajpur. For 6th year plantation the IRR was found highest (39%) in Mymensingh. The 14th year plantation of Rajshahi and 13th year plantation of Jessore showed the highest NPVs, IRRs, B/C ratios, Le, EI and EAEnpv. From these, it can be inferred that the economic rotation may be fixed at 13 or 14 year for timber and 6 year for fuel wood.

Assessment of Farm Household Food Security and Consumption Indices in Nigeria

Author(s):Ojeleye, O. A. -- Adebisi, O. A. -- Fadiji,
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 458-464
This study was carried out to assess farm households? food security and consumption indices. The study was conducted in Kaduna state, Nigeria. Data used for this study was collected from a total of 244 farm households with the use of structured questionnaire using a multistage random and purposive sampling technique. The main tools of analysis for this study include descriptive statistics and food security index. The study shows that about one third of the rural farm households sampled was food insecure and that the average farm size of the farm households was 2.05ha as food secure and insecure households cultivate 2.09ha and 1.96ha respectively. Average farm and non-farm income were $1,130.7 and $810.3 per annum respectively as household daily calorie consumed was found to exceed household daily calorie requirement. The food security indices for the food secure and insecure households were found to be 1.462 and 0.852 respectively. Large family size was found to lower available calorie intake of households. The study recommends the need for family planning education and policy frames to increase household farm size.

The Innovative Directions in Agriculture of Kazakhstan

Author(s):Dinar Abdrakhmanova -- Purev Byamba -- Kadrinov Maulet 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 465-470
In this article ways of increase of competitiveness of agrarian production, on the basis of introduction of the innovative directions in agriculture are considered. For a sustainable development of agriculture the innovative policy which basis there is an increase of efficiency of use of scientific and technical achievements has defining value. Becomes obvious that without harmonious, scientifically reasonable and balanced innovative policy, the system principle of its realization it is impossible to solve a problem of increase of profitability of agricultural production with scientific, resource, organizational and information support. Innovative process is connected with creation, development and distribution of innovations. It is process within which producers of innovations for receiving profit create and advance innovations to their consumers. The organization of innovative activity for the purpose of innovation finishing to the end user accepts huge value. Activization of innovative activity is the main condition in system of the factors providing development and increase of efficiency of agrarian production in market economy.

Public Expenditures and Agricultural Growth in Burkina Faso

Author(s):Souleymane Ouedraogo -- Daman Bako 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 471-483
This study analyzes public funding in the agricultural sector in Burkina Faso and assesses its impact on agricultural growth. Based on data collected from several sources (finance acts over the period 1983-2008, Automated Prediction Instrument (IPA), World Bank and National agricultural statistics over 26 years (from 1983 to 2008), the agricultural production has been modelled by using an error correction model and Cobb-Douglas function. The econometric analysis results show that public funding has a positive impact on agricultural production in the short term. A 9% growth rate of public funding over the period 2009-2015, causes an average agricultural production of 6.75% over the period. So, it is necessary for the State to increase funding in the agricultural sector to achieve a better growth of the domestic production and to meet the Millennium Development Goals regarding hunger reduction over the period 2009-2015.

Smallholder Cocoa Farmers Access to On/Off-Farm Support Services and its Contribution to Output in the Eastern Region of Ghana

Author(s):Justina A. Onumah -- Portia Adade Williams -- Wilhelmina Quaye -- Mavis Akuffobea -- Edward, E. Onumah 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 484-495
It has been established that smallholder farmers have minimal access to various support services that would have otherwise enabled them to increase their output levels. The focus of this paper is to identify and quantify the impact of various support services on the production levels of cocoa in the Eastern region of Ghana. A cross sectional survey of 190 cocoa farmers was obtained using a two-stage sampling technique (purposive and random). Descriptive statistics and an OLS regression model were used to analyse and discuss the results of the study. The various support services identified included labour services, financial services, technical assistance, farmer group support services, Research and Development (R&D) institutional support services, extension services and input support services. The services that significantly influenced output levels of cocoa were extension services, labour supply and technical assistance, among other variables including farm size and quantity of agrochemical used. It is recommended that access to these support services be improved in order to realise an increase in output for the smallholder cocoa farmer.

Status of Fruit Farming in Central Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Author(s):Nisar Ali Shah -- Arshad Farooq -- Abdul Hassan -- Abdul Samad Khan -- Umar Farooq  
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 496-505
This retrospective study was conducted in four districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa namely Charsadda, Nowshera, Mardan and Peshawar during January February, 2013 to examine the status and factors affecting fruit orchards. A total of Sixty four fruit orchards growers were interviewed on the basis of land acquisition. Data indicates that farmer areas for citrus and planted Stone fruit such as peach, plum and apricot were declined in the last 10 years while the area under pear and loquat were increased. The study results also indicate that a number of factors were affecting fruit orchards. These problems were ranked as (1) diseases/insects, followed by (2) high price, (3) water shortage problem, (4) adulteration in inputs, (5) marketing problem and (6) non-availability of credit. It is concluded that various factors are responsible for the decline in production of fruit orchards. It is thus, recommended that agriculture department should regularly disseminate technical-know-how regarding improved fruit orchards management practices through training, field days and workshop and other awareness programmes for fruit orchards growers. The government should also keep check and balance on price and quality of inputs to encourage fruit orchard growers to increase their production.

In-Vitro Conservation of Sugarcane Germplasm

Author(s):Rabia Ikram -- Shazia Erum -- Hina Javed -- Shah Zaman -- Shahid Khan -- Aish Muhammad -- Saima Kanwal 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 506-509
Lack of in vitro multiplication procedure has long been a serious problem in sugarcane breeding programs. This problem has been solved to maximum extent by In Vitro propagation. In the present study, 6 genotypes of sugarcane (SC 06, SC 04, SC 25, SC 11, SC 13 and SC 30) was acquired & excised for apical and sub apical parts (eyes/ lateral buds). The explants were surface sterilized with Clorox (70% +100%, 20 & 10 min). Results showed that highest survival % was achieved with apical buds (66%) as compared to lateral buds (33%). In addition, effect of different concentrations of  rooting media (NAA, 5% Sucrose and 6% Sucrose) and  shooting media  (GA3, 0.1mg/, Kinetin, 0.1mg/L and BAP 0.1mg/L, Kinetin 0.1mg/L,GA3 0.1mg/L, NAA 0.1mg/L) was studied. Synergistic response was observed on the growth of plant with hormone consortia. Significant differences were observed in No. of roots, shoot length @ No. of shoots at all tested treatments. Highest No. of roots recorded for SC 30 at with 6% Sucrose. Highest No. of shoots was recorded for SC 04 with GA3 @ 0.1mg/L and highest shoot length for SC 06 at 0.1mg/ L of Kinetin.

Value Addition to Human Managerial Skills in the Livestock Sector in Nigeria

Author(s):Adeyemo, A. A. -- Longe, M. P. -- Alakoso, A. A. 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 510-514
Value addition is an important concept in Nigeria?s agriculture, including the livestock sub-sector. Its definition is often given with special emphasis on and with respect to agricultural products. However, the general principle in value addition is the process of transforming resources, including human, from its original state to a more valuable state. In the livestock industry, human is a critical resource and adding value to its status should be the arrow head of developing the sub-sector. Most people in the sub-sector are academically sound and technically competent in their respective fields of specialisation but gaps exist in their management skills and acumen. There is the need for value addition to the human managerial skills of Officers managing livestock activities in the country. Governments at all levels should endeavour to provide financial and institutional supports towards the achievement of this goal. This will provide impetus on fully actualising the robust agricultural transformation agenda of the country.
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