ADVERTISEMENT

Agricultural Sciences

Search by keywords:
Total Articles 37 - 45 of 4293 | Total Books 1 |

Social-cultural Functions of Rice Farming Systems

Author(s):Tinjung Mary Prihtanti -- Suhatmini Hardyastuti -- Slamet Hartono -- Irham
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 341-351
This study examines social-cultural function that arise on wet-land rice cultivation system. The observations and data analysis showed that employment absorption and emergence of social cohesion among farmers that enhance the technological innovation of organic rice cultivation were felt due to the application of organic farming system. Organic rice farming systems tend to gave higher economic value as labor absorber, but this study found that organic rice farming system did not guarantee farming tradition maintenance and increasing of farmer women participation.

Analysis of the Profitability and Marketing Channels of Rice: A Case Study of Menchum River Valley, North-West Region, Cameroon

Author(s):Bime, M. J. -- Fouda, T. M. -- Mai Bong, J. K.  
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 352-360
The study carried out in Menchum River valley, Northwest Region of Cameroon had as objective to analyze the profitability and establish the marketing channels of rice in this zone. The study in-terviewed a total of 126 respondents, selected purposively and using the snow ball sampling tech-nique. Results showed that the main actors involved in the rice marketing channel were; produc-ers, wholesalers, hullers, retailers and consumers. The production and marketing of rice in the zone is a profitable venture. In terms of profitability in the rice business, millers obtain a relatively large profit margin as a percentage of the cost price (18.69%) followed by the producers (12.77%), wholesalers (8.5%) then retailers (8.33%). The average profit margin per bag of 50kg was; 1054.5FCFA (franc Communaut? financi?re d?Afrique) for producers, 1963.5 FCFA for millers; 1100 FCFA for the wholesalers and 1250FCFA for the retailers. The principal constraints identi-fied by the study that affects actors of the rice channel were, bad condition of the roads, lack of capital, poor quality of rice. It was recommended that there should be improvement in infrastruc-ture.

Supply of Rubber Wood Log in Malaysia

Author(s):A. W. Noraida -- A. S. Abdul-Rahim 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 361-371
Issue on shortage of raw material for wood processing solved by discovery of rubber wood log as one of the substitutes the natural log. This paper examines the supply of rubber wood log in Malaysia. We employ ARDL Bound Approach Test and time series data from 1980 to 2010 which represented the whole Malaysia are used to achieve the established objectives. The result shown, in the long run harvested area and wages have 1% and 10% significant level respectively. While in the short run, there was only harvested area having an impact with 1% significant level. This result indicates that, the harvested area become the most impact towards supply of rubber wood log either in short run or in the long run. While wages as input cost gave less impact in another word it become unburden to the producers.

Acceptance of Climate Change by Rural Farming Communities in Delta State, Nigeria: Effect of Science and Government Credibility

Author(s):Albert Ukaro Ofuoku -- Uche N. Uzokwe 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 372-380
This study was conducted to examine Delta State rural farming communities? attitude to climate change in relation to science and government credibility. A preparatory assessment of Delta State rural communities? understanding of climate change and insights into potential barriers to communication were given by influences on their attitudes. Average of 60.46% of the farmers reported that climate change was occurring and asserted that climate change was the consequence of human activities. Most (91.23%) were certain that climate change is adversely affecting their farming businesses. Many (mean=1.40) found climate change information not easily comprehensible. However the farmers have negative view about the credibility of science, but had low levels of confidence in government. They reported that lack of information was a barrier to adaptation to climate change. This suggests that such barrier lies with the Delta State extension service. There is also an indication that government through the public extension service, need to wake up to her responsibilities of sending related information the rural farming communities. The government should consider the local socio-cultural economic and biophysical environment of the farmers the information is meant for.

Farmers? Perceptions Regarding the use of Botswana?s Tsa Temo Thuo Television Programme

Author(s):Gababolokwe, K. -- Hulela, K. 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 381-391
The purpose of the study was to examine farmers? perceptions about the usefulness of the Tsa Temo Thuo agricultural programmes broadcasted every Monday of the week on the Botswana Television between 7:30 and 8:00 pm for farmers. A questionnaire was used to gather data from 36 farmers with different agricultural backgrounds in the Boteti sub-district regarding the effectiveness of the programme in disseminating information. A simple random sampling technique was used to get the 36 farmers from the list of 40 farmers. The results showed that the farmers saw the programme as relevant for their farming services but voiced that the programme be frequently reviewed to ensure emerging issues were integrated. The results also revealed that factors such as farming environment (Mean = 4.36; SD = .49); access to television programme (Mean = 4.22; SD = .59) and ignorance about farming issues (Mean = 3.36; SD = 1.05) were perceived as useful. However, this being a case study, a similar study should be conducted nationwide to ascertain and compare the perceived effectiveness of the television programme.

Intervention of One Rupee Rice in PDS: Utilisation and Impact in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha States in India

Author(s):A. Mahendran 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 392-400
To find out the utilisation and impact of the scheme of pricing one kg rice at one rupee among the poor people and other beneficiaries at PDS outlets in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha states of India. For the purpose of this study, multi-stage random sampling method was used. Quantitative data was collected from the public using structured questionnaire. Data collection was done between 2nd December 2013 and 11th February 2014. The results show that more than 94.8% of poor families are utilising PDS grains in Odisha and 92.5% of BPL families are utilising PDS grains in Andhra Pradesh. In both the state?s 30% of the population is Above Poverty Line (APL) families, and they do not buy most of the commodities and more particularly in rice. As part of PDS reform, both these states have improved transparency with computerised ration shops and biometric ration cards and pin numbers. PDS outlets are more useful to poor people than for the Above Poverty Line families. This study suggests that allotments of rice for APL families must be cut to control corruption and leakages, this study also suggest that millets must be introduced in the PDS to increase nutrition security. 

Effects of Paddy Price Support Withdrawal on Malaysian Rice Sector: Time Series Econometric Approach

Author(s):Umar Haruna Suleiman -- Amin Mahir Abdullah -- Mad Nasir Shamsudin -- Zainal Abidin Mohamed 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 401-413
The study simulated effects of paddy price support withdrawal, as an alternative policy, on key variables namely domestic rice supply, domestic rice demand, net import of rice, area planted to paddy and paddy producer price. Time series data (1980-2012) were collected and analyzed using Autoregressive Distributed lag (ARDL). The long run coefficients or elasticities generated were used in scenarios simulation through appropriate simulation technique. The results show that, on the average, paddy price support withdrawal would affect the rice sector by 2020 in the  following ways: 13% decline in domestic rice production; 23% increase in net rice import; area planted to paddy decrease in size by 13%; and, paddy producer price reduce by 20%. However, there was no effect on aggregate rice consumption. Since the country is concern about raising farm income and ensuring rice food security, sustaining the paddy support price is worthwhile policy in order to avoid a decline in paddy producer price (income) and surge in import bills.

Determinants of Farmersí Agricultural Diversification: The Case of Cambodia

Author(s):Kimty Seng 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 414-428
A Heckman sample selection approach is employed with the data on Cambodia Socio-Economic Survey CSES-2007 to explore price and non-price factors determining farmers? crop diversification decision, and consequently affecting diversification intensity. "The findings suggest that high relative price discourages farmers from diversifying crops." Irrigation, agricultural equipment ownership and farming expenditure have significantly positive effects on the decision, and sequentially increasing the intensity. Arable land size per household member, agricultural and transportation equipments have positive correlation with the diversification decision. Small scale of farming is a major hindrance to the decision, and consequently reducing the intensity. Land dispute, one of the main institutional matters in Cambodia, is found to have significantly negative marginal-effect on farmers? decision on crop diversification.

Impact Assessment of Water Crisis on Socio Economic Life of Agrarian Community

Author(s):Raja Irfan Sabir -- Muhammad Irfan -- Naeem Akhtar -- Farooq Nawaz -- Muhammad Shahnawaz 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 429-436
The objectives of the present study will be to explore the effects of scarcity of water on farmers? socio economic values & standard of living while taking adoption of water saving technologies or better water resource management plan by farmers as moderating variable. A sample of 150 household farmers in district Okara was selected through multistage sampling techniques. A well structured questionnaire was designed on five point licker scale covering various dimensions of water crises and their impact on socio economic dimension of farmer?s lives. For data analysis quantitative techniques of multiple regression & regression for moderation were applied by using SPSS 16. 
Page:12345678910Next
ADVERTISEMENT