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Total Articles 19 - 27 of 4293 | Total Books 1 |

Economic Valuation of Fortified Cassava Peels for Goat Feeding in South-western, Nigeria

Author(s):Okojie L. O. -- Adewuyi, S. A. -- Adebayo, K. -- Adetoye A. M.
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 188-194
This paper investigates the economic value that goat farmers in South-western, Nigeria attach to fortified goat feed from waste cassava peels origin. Unavailability of vegetative forage for goat feeding all year round makes this relevant. A multistage sampling procedure was used to select 120 goat farmers. Primary data for the study were obtained with the aid of structured questionnaire. The method of analysis included descriptive statistics and contingent valuation method that terminated into the binary choice logit model. The study indicates the mean Willingness to Pay (WTP) for a 25kg of fortified goat feed as N1, 019: = in the study area. This for the 120 sampled farmers was N122, 280: = and for the total population of 7.1million, it was N7.2billion. Respondents’ WTP however increased mainly with level of education and system of goat keeping. Farming system practiced by respondents had the likelihood of positively and significantly (p<0.01) affecting the WTP for fortified goat feed from cassava peels. Income equally had the likelihood of positively and significantly (p<0.05) affecting the WTP in the study area. Education, farm size and experience had the likelihood of positively influencing though not significantly the WTP for the compounded feed. These indicate that there exist economic potentials for the use of cassava waste (peels) in goat production in the study area. Adopting intensive system of goat farming and enhancing income of producers will go a long way to motivating investment in the feed making and its adoption in goat production.

Land Reform: An Analysis of Definitions, Types and Approaches

Author(s):Kudzayi Savious Tarisayi
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 195-199
There is a surfeit of literature on land reforms in various developing countries. Whilst most of the existing literature has principally concentrated on the analysis of examples of land reforms in recent years, there is a paucity of literature detailing what really entails the concept of land reform. Most scholars and development agencies are concentrating on the success or lack thereof, of land reforms without interrogating the concept of land reform. An analysis of what constitutes land reform facilitates further analysis of the success of examples of land reforms around the world. In this paper the researcher gives an overview of the concept of land reform and its various approaches as applied in various parts of the world. Examples will be drawn from countries that have implemented land reforms in recent years, without necessarily interrogating their successes or lack thereof.

Participatory Rural Appraisal of Basic Needs Deprivation among Rural Dwellers of Borno State, Nigeria

Author(s):R. O. Yusuf 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 200-211
Inadequacy of environmental and infrastructural resources to satisfy basic needs results in deprivation among rural people which in most cases, rapid rural appraisal and other traditional survey methods rarely adequately capture. This paper employs therefore employs participatory rural appraisal (PRA) techniques to analyse these phenomena in Borno state. The objectives are to determine the seasonality of basic needs deprivation, analyse the triggers of need deprivation, and, assess the coping strategies for deprivation. PRA techniques employed are Seasonal Calendar and Force Field Analysis and 300 systematically selected participants from 9 local government areas were the study frame. The findings are that basic need deprivation is an outcome of environmental scarcities, resource capture, and failure of socioeconomic infrastructure. Episodic drought, flood, and conflict over resources triggers loss of farm harvest and livestock hence food, income and other needs there from. The coping strategies include wild food foraging, migratory fishing and praying to God which lead to the conclusion that basic needs satisfaction among the studied rural dwellers in Borno state is below societal expectations. Recommendations for improvement were proffered.

Diffusion and Adoption of Oat NARC Variety in Rainfed Area, Pakistan

Author(s):Sobia Naheed -- Nusrat Habib -- M. Zubair Anwer -- Sabeen Siddiqui 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 212-219
The present study was planned to estimate the extent of diffusion (spread) and adoption of fodder variety Oat NARC developed by Fodder Programe NARC. For this study, farm level information was collected through a formal survey method. For the official survey, an organized and well-structured questionnaire was designed. Mainly oat area of Pothwar region was the study domain. Overall from all selected tehsils, 65 farmers were taken as sample farmers. The findings of present study that includes frequency, descriptive analysis, oat adoption rate and also identified adopters and non adopters. Technical, extension, financial, agro-colmatic and marketing factors constraining adoption of Oat NARC variety also acknowledged. Main objective of this study is to determine the factors affecting the adoption of Oat NARC variety through probit model. Factors like fodder area, soil type, cultivated land , nearest grain market (distance in km), farming experience (years), present level of involvement in farming, availability of credit for purchasing inputs, different varieties you have tested at your farm have positive role in the adoption of Oat NARC variety. The above mentioned variables positively affecting the adoption of oat NARC. This model also show that the area wheat, input market (distance in km), area for local variety, distance from market, lack of knowledge of market information and do you prefer change of varieties grown affects the adoption of Oat negatively.

Indigenous Technologies Fishing Settlement Response to Climate Change Variability’s in Southern Nigeria

Author(s):Albert, C. O. -- Isife, B. I.
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 220-224
The study focused on indigenous technologies used by fishermen in southern Nigeria as adaptation measures to climate change variability’s. Interview schedule was used to elicit information from sixty respondents in three (3) communities using simple random sampling technique. Percentage and mean scores were utilized for data analysis. The study established that the climate change experiences were: rise in sea level, rise in temperature, high wind, change in tidal pattern and frequent storms. The effects of climate change experiences on fishing include low fish catch, increase in boat mishap, reduced fish production and low growth rate of fishes. Indigenous technologies used as mitigating steps include building of bigger boats, the use of diverse fishing gears and observation of weather. These technologies had been very effective as mitigating steps. The study recommended mainly that modern weather forecasting facilities should be provided for the fishermen.

Assessment of Benefits Derived from SACDP/IFAD through Community based Participatory Projects in Bodinga Zone

Author(s):Attahiru, M. -- B. Z. Abubakar -- A. A. Barau 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 225-232
The study was carried out to assess the benefits derived from SACDP/IFAD through community based participatory projects in Bodinga zone. The zone comprises four villages from two local government areas. All the four villages were purposively selected for the study. Eighty (80) respondents were randomly selected and interviewed using structured questionnaire (60 male and 20 female). Data collected was analyzed using frequency and percentages. Results revealed that majority of the respondents are men, married and within their active productive age. Results further show that majority of the respondents have benefitted from one project or the other and have subsequently replicated similar community based initiatives. It is recommended that vigorous efforts be put in place by both donor agencies and government to enhance rural people derivation of benefits from community based participatory projects and participation in self-help initiatives.

Social Impact Assessment of Crude Oil Pollution on Small Scale Farmers in Oil Producing Communities of the Central Agricultural Zone of Delta State, Nigeria

Author(s):Ofuoku, A. O. U. -- Emuh, F. N. -- Ezeonu, O.
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 233-241
The study assessed the social impact of oil production on small holder farmers in oil-producing communities of the Central zone of Delta State, Nigeria. Data were collected from 120 respondents by the use of questionnaires. Soil erosion (96.6%), noise pollution (98.3%), bush burning (93.3%), land degradation/pollution (87.5%), water pollution (80.3%), air pollution (62.5%), massive deforestation (62.5%) and acid rain (52.5%) were seen as the major environmental problems experienced in the study area. The respondents reported that oil pollution impacted negatively on their income (83.3%), agricultural production (98.3%) and land availability (85.8%). None of the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents such as age, gender, Educational level, religion, marital status, type of farming, family size, Farming experience, farm size, income, housing, tenure, membership of organization, land tenure and source of labour were found to determine the social impact of oil pollution on small-scale farmers. Recommendations given dwelt on making the environment conducive for the communities, agricultural activities and it sustenance for future generations.

Analyzing Spatio-temporal Pattern of Crop Diversification in Jalandhar District of Punjab, India

Author(s):Haroon Sajjad -- Sandip Prasad
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 242-256
This paper analyzed dynamics of crop diversification in one of the agriculturally prosperous districts of Indian Punjab using Gibbs Martin Index. Spatio-temporal analysis of crop diversification in the district shows decline in crop diversification in most of the blocks (administrative sub divisions). The cropping pattern in most of the blocks of the district has become over specialized in the favour of rice-wheat rotation. Net irrigated area is continuously increasing for the cultivation of rice and wheat in the study area. Declining diversity of crops in the district has serious repercussions for natural resources, ecology and socio-economic condition of the farmers.

Effect of Small-scale Irrigation on the Farm Households’ Income of Rural Farmers: The Case of Girawa District, East Hararghe, Oromia, Ethiopia

Author(s):Beyan A. -- Jema H. -- Adem K. 
Journal: Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 257-268
Irrigation is one means by which agricultural production can be increased to meet the growing food demands in the world. This study evaluated the effect of small-scale irrigation on farm household income in production. The specific objective of this study is to identify the factors in-fluencing participation in small-scale irrigation and provides bases for policy makers in Girawa district, Eastern Hararghe zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Both primary and secondary data were col-lected for the study. Primary data were collected from 200 sample respondents drawn from both participant and non-participant households. Preliminary statistics and econometric models were employed for data analysis. The logistic regression estimation of factors affecting participation re-vealed that age of household head, non-farm income, livestock size, size of cultivated land, dis-tance between plot and irrigation scheme, means of transportation and participation of household heads in social organization significantly affected the participation decision of households in irri-gation farming. Results showed that participation in irrigation has a significant, positive effect on farm households? income. Therefore, policy makers should give due emphasis to the aforemen-tioned variables to increase participation in irrigation farming and improve the livelihood of rural households.
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