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Effect of some medicinal plant oils on some physiological parameters in streptozotocin induced diabetic rat

Author(s):Azza A. El-Masry
Journal: Wudpecker Journal of Medicinal Plants
Publisher:Wudpecker Journals
Abstract
| Pages: 1-15
The present study was aimed to compare the efficacy of neem, sesame, sunflower, evening primrose, neem plus sesame, neem plus evening primrose, neem plus sunflower, sesame plus evening primrose, sesame plus sunflower and evening primrose plus sunflower oils supplementation in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic and control male Wister rats. In comparison with control, highly significant increases in the values of blood glucose (318.7%), triglycerides (62.3%), total cholesterol (99.2%), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (170%), total protein (25.5 ), creatinine (82.3%), urea (142.8%), uric acid (191.1%), alanine aminotransferase (118.9%) and aspartate aminotransferase (35.3%) were observed in STZdiabetic rats, while the value of high density lipoprotein cholesterol was markedly decline (66.3%). No significant differences were observed in the above physiological parameters of diabetic rats fed on the examined oils when compared with those rats fed on the control diet after 7 weeks. These data indicate that the diets containing the oils of these medicinal plants improve the examined physiological parameters in STZ-induced diabetic rats. The present data suggest that using the oils of these medicinal plants may improve blood parameters in STZ-induced diabetic rats. The responses in blood parameters in these animals have also demonstrated that oils supplementation may act as antioxidant agents and these oils could be an excellent adjuvant support in the therapy of diabetic mellitus and its complications.

Clinical evaluation of herbal coded formulation pharinjaline in the treatment of pharyngitis and sore throat

Author(s):Aamir Abd-ur-Rahman Soomro, Halima Nazar, Afzal Ahmad, Ejaz Mohiuddin, Khan Usmanghani, M. Akram, H. M. Asif
Journal: Wudpecker Journal of Medicinal Plants
Publisher:Wudpecker Journals
Abstract
| Pages: 16-20
Background: Researchers are constantly in search of safe and active agents of synthetic or herbal origin. Thorough literature review of ancient and modern herbal pharmacology reveals that there are many plants having beneficial activities for health. Pharinjaline is herbal coded formulation comprises of, Aconitum heterophyllum and Atropa acuminate. The medicinal plants Aconitum heterophyllum and Atropa acuminate have been used traditionally in medicine for decades for treatment of pharyngitis. Erythromycine is commonly prescribed to teat pharyngitis and sore throat. Aims: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of herbal coded formulation (Pharinjaline) compared with erythromycin for the treatment of sore throats and acute pharyngitis. Pharinjaline contains plants that are used in pharyngitis and sore throat in traditional medicine. Methods: One hundred patients with sore throat and pharyngitis were randomly divided into two equal groups, 50 in each group. The test group was treated with Pharinjaline and the control group was treated with erythromycin. The effect of both drugs for the treatment of sore throats and acute pharyngitis before and after treatment was recorded and chi square test was used. Results: Comparison of data recorded by the physician on the variables showed significant differences between test and control groups (p

Odontogenic Myxoma Of The Maxilla: A Clinical Case Report And Review Of Literature

Author(s):Manish Munjal, Vikram Bhardwaj, Bhawna Garg, Neena Sood
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 61-275
Odontogenic myxomas are rare benign mesenchymal tumours of head and neck with a potential for local infiltration and recurrence. They appear to originate from the dental papilla, follicle or periodontal ligament in mandible and less commonly the maxilla. These usually present in second or third decade of life as slowly progressive space occupying lesion in the jaw giving a mixed radiopaque-radiolucent appearance. The treatment is considered to be wide local excision in view of high recurrence with curettage alone. Here, we present a case of odontogenic myxoma of maxilla, in a 40 year old lady, with a brief review of literature, clinical, radiological, histopathological characteristics and therapeutic modality employed.

Interesting case report Cutaneous metastases from primary carcinoma larynx - A rare presentation

Author(s):Ramesh Aravamuthan, Ratnavel Gurusamy, Rajendrabose, Aarthi Barburam Krishna, Arun Prasath Palanisamy
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 79-274
The incidence of secondary cutaneous deposits from squamous cell carcinoma larynx is very rare. We report a sixty nine year old male who was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma of larynx who was treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, presented with multiple grouped nodules over the neck in a zosterifom pattern. Eventhough nodular, plaque-like, exuberant growth and sclerodermoid skin metastases have been described in laryngeal carcinoma, metastases to the skin in a grouped pattern is uncommon with only one case reported so far in the literture. The possible hypothesised cause of dermatomal metastatic distribution my be secondary to perineural lymphatic invasion and invasion of dorsal root ganglia by malignant cells.

Proptosis due to otolaryngology causes a study

Author(s):Balasubramanian Thiagarajan, Kamakshi Kothandaraman
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 80-240
Proximity of orbit to nose and paranasal sinuses makes it rather vulnerable to insults due to otolaryngological causes. The medial wall of orbit (Lamina papyracea) is rather paper thin and it happens to form the lateral wall of anterior ethmoid air cells. Infections / tumors involving paranasal sinuses can involve orbit also causing proptosis. The aim of the article is to study the common otolaryngological causes of proptosis in our Institution during 2009 – 2012.

An investigation into the voice of identical twins

Author(s):Dr Swapna Sebastian, Anto Suresh Benadict, Geethu K Sunny, Dr Achamma Balraj
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 82-276
The study aimed at perceptually and acoustically differentiating the voices of identical twins from each other. AX same-different perception test was done to find whether the voices of identical twins could be perceived as same or different voices. Ten monozygotic twin pairs, 5 males and 5 females between the ages of 10 to 15 year old served as speakers. The speakers phonation of a was permuted which resulted in pairs of two different stimuli. The paired stimuli were part of one of the following speaker groups: same speaker (different repetitions) or monozygotic twins. For the AX perception test 5 native listeners (students of Speech Language Pathology) were asked to judge for each stimuli pair whether it belonged to the same speaker or different speakers. On average, the listener’s correct identification of same speakers was 91.6% and the correct identification of monozygotic twin pair’s voice as two different speakers was 80.27%. This shows that there was difficulty in perceptually distinguishing the voices of monozygotic twins as that of two different speakers but the listeners’ sensitivity to twin differences was greater than chance . Acoustic analysis showed that shimmer values are more sensitive in discriminating twin voices among each other. This investigation can contribute to automatic speaker recognition as well as the field of forensic phonetics, especially forensic speaker identification.

HAIR DYE POISONING

Author(s):Karthikeyan Arjunan, Yahiah Basith, Balasubramanian Thiagarajan
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 88-264
Super-Vasmol, a cheap, freely-available hair dye isemerging as a major cause of suicidal poisoning in India. It contains potential toxins including paraphenylene diamine, resorcinol, sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid and propylene glycol which can result in multiorgan dysfunction2 . This case report is an attempt to throw light on this emerging problem.

Non recurrent laryngeal nerve with right aberrant subclavian artery in recurrent case of papillary carcinoma of thyroid: an interesting clinical entity.

Author(s):Sudhir M Naik, Purshottam Chavan, Rajshekar Halkud, Ashok M Shenoy, Sumit gupta, Latif zameer
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 89-267
Background/objectives: A nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve is a rare anatomical variant and a routine preoperative imaging studies are not indicated. NRLN is related with absence of the brachiocephalic trunk and aberrant (mainly retroesophageal) course of the right subclavian artery which is evident on contrast enhanced CT scan of the chest. Case report: The patient presented with a swelling in the neck for 4 months which is slowly increasing in size. Patient gives history of a surgery done in the neck with an old midline suprasternal scar which was done 40 years earlier.laryngoscopic mirror examinartion was normal with moving vocal cords. Rest of the oral and oropharyngeal examination along with complete blood picture and biochemical investigations were normal. The patient was not a known diabetic or hypertensive. Conclusion: Accurate knowledge of frequent variations of the nerve along with the non recurrent variant reduces the risk of intraoperative injury. A nonrecurrent laryngeal nerve(NRLN) is a rare anatomical variant and a routine preoperative imaging studies are not indicated. NRLN is related with absence of the brachiocephalic trunk and aberrant (mainly retroesophageal) course of the right subclavian artery which is evident on contrast enhanced CT scan of the chest.

Human otoacariasis: a common outbreak in rubber growing belt of Karnataka.

Author(s):Sudhir M Naik, Mohan Appaji , Ravishankar S, Goutham MK, Annapurna SM, N Pinky Devi, Sarika S Naik
Journal: Otolaryngology Online Journal
Publisher:Otolaryngology online
Abstract
| Pages: 91-273
Background/Objective: Soft tick in the ear is a very common acute painful and distressing condition in the flowering months of October to March. It’s a common condition in the rubber growing belt of Sullia. The mouthparts of the tick grips firmly the skin of the external auditory canal or the tympanic membrane and sucks blood and swells up. Otoscopy and removal of the tick from the ear can be done in outpatients in adults and difficult in a frightened irritable child. Materials and methods: 312 cases of intra-aural ticks presenting to the opd and casualty which included 131 males and 181 females were included in the study. Results: Out of the 312 cases of intra-aural ticks, 170 cases were treated in the outpatient and 140 cases under short general anesthesia with oto-microscopy. Conclusion: Intra-aural tick infestation is an acute painful condition which needs prompt management by an experienced otolaryngologist. Proper visualization and instrumentation is necessary to avoid complications.
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