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Total Articles 10 - 18 of 6582 | Total Books 1 | Total Conference Proceeding 81

Monitoring and Evaluation in the Public Sector: A Case Study of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform in South Africa

Author(s):N.Z Hlatshwayo --- K K Govender
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 91--99
Since the publication of the Government-Wide Monitoring and Evaluation Policy Framework (GWM&EPF) by the Presidency in South Africa (SA), several policy documents giving direction, clarifying context, purpose, vision, and strategies of M&E were developed. In many instances broad guidelines stipulate how M&E should be implemented at the institutional level, and linked with managerial systems such as planning, budgeting, project management and reporting. This research was undertaken to examine how the ?institutionalisation? of M&E supports meaningful project implementation within the public sector in South Africa (SA), with specific reference to the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRD&LR). This paper provides a theoretical and analytical framework on how M&E should be ?institutionalised?, by emphasising that the IM&E is essential in the public sector, to both improve service delivery and ensure good governance. It is also argued that the M&E has the potential to support meaningful implementation, promote organisational development, enhance organisational learning and support service delivery.

Accountability and Environmental Sustainability: Nigerian Maritime Experience

Author(s):Mohammed Yusuf Alkali--- Maryam Ibrahim Imam
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 1--5
Maritime sector of Nigeria is one of the largest administrative agencies in African continent that has greater impacted to Nigerian and West African region economies. The industry expectation if managed very well, will significantly improve the economic development of Nigeria. Several reports in the sector provide evidence of non-performance, low productivity, corruption and non-compliance with the international maritime global best practice. In addition, the sector is marred with the challenges of political, regional instability and pirating within the coastal region. However, significant efforts have been made by the Nigerian government to improve on the sector in order to attract local and global investors in the industry. From the last political and present administration of Nigerian government has provide a good enabling environment for the growth of the industry. However, policy makers and government are expected to do more in the sector for the economic benefits of the country and West African region in general.

Determinants of Demand for Credit: A Conceptual Review

Author(s):Yusuf Ibrahim Kofarmata---Shri Dewi Applanaidu---Sallahuddin Hassan
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 6--10
It is generally agreed among the researchers that farm credit has significant positive impact on agricultural production that would increase the farming output. In fact, the rising cereal production were more related to farm inputs that may be acquired through agricultural credit. In view of that, this article synthesizes and reviews different field studies on the determinants of demand for credit. Moreover, it is clear from the reviewed studies that different models have been used in examining the factors that determine the demand for credit. However, most of the findings are inconclusive, due to the contextual, geographical, socio-economic, environmental and other variations across the study areas. Based on that, the paper call the need for more empirical studies on the determinants of demand for credit for a specific region for better policy that may be suitable for that particular region. This has important implications on agricultural production in general and farm credit in particular, especially for developing economies.

Ceiling Limit a Potential Instrument of Urban Change-A Descriptive Study on the Series of Amendments in the Development of Bangalore City

Author(s):Hemalatha R
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 11--16
This paper will discuss on land acquisition based on Urban land laws, whether the recognized agent have been effective in administering the ceiling limit. With erratic growth of the city, how has the administrative policy been efficient in managing the demand for land. Whether the amendments are in series, whether the authority has allocated the right space for the right users. With this query the paper discusses the Urban land Acts in the city and series of changes is glimpse upon.

Investment in Cocoa Planting and Rehabilitation by Cocoa Farmers in Nigeria

Author(s):Olowolaju Philip Segun
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 17--24
The paper examined investment in cocoa planting and replanting by cocoa farmers in Nigeria. The study sample comprised of 400 cocoa farmers selected from five major cocoa producing states in Nigeria of which 321 farmers responded. Questionnaire technique supplemented by oral interview was used for the study. The data were analysed using multiple regression, Likert rating and percentages. The results show that few cocoa farmers invested in new planting and replanting programme. There is no positive relationship between percentage of annual income invested in new planting and replanting by the cocoa farmers and the number of hectares of farm holding while age of farmers , years of experience as a cocoa farmer and average annual income show marginal positive relationship, however, farmers education has very high positive relationship with a coefficient of 0.935. The result also shows that the independent variables (farmer annual income, number of hectares owned by the farmers, age of the farmers, education and experience of the farmers) have marginal impact on the dependent variable with coefficient of variation of 0.033. The study concluded that cocoa farmers did not invest adequately in new planting and replanting because of lack of capital and non ploughing lack of capital and low ploughing back of kincome due to low income and social needs.

An Exploration of Sustainable Customer Value and the Procedure of the Intelligent Digital Content Analysis Platform for Big Data Using Dynamic Decision Making

Author(s):Shen-Tsu Wang
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 25--31
The dynamic Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry (PZB) service quality model is applied in the analysis of different customer clusters of sustainable customer value, while considering enterprise sustainability, customer relationship management (CRM), and customer equity of customer satisfaction and customer value. Based on intelligent digital content analysis and the recommendation platform of the different customer clusters of sustainable customer value, the dynamic six-sigma method is applied to the leisure agriculture of sustainable key resources and procedures solutions, as well as the impact of environmental and social costs and benefits. Based on the leisure agriculture of sustainable key resources and procedures solutions, the sustainable contradictions of leisure ecotourism agriculture are considered using dynamic multi-criteria decision making (dynamic gray multi-attribute decision making and dynamic multi-objective planning) to analyze the optimal plan for balancing the leisure agriculture of ecotourism and sustainable contradictions. First, sustainable and local identification plans are developed by the dynamic grey multi-attribute decision making method. Next, dynamic multi-objective planning is developed, as based on the priority factors sorted by gray multi-attribute decision making, in order to carry out the decision-making analysis of different objectives under different situations; thereby, helping the development of featured sustainable customer value of local leisure agriculture.

Corporate Governance Structure and Institutional Investment: Evidence from a Developing Country

Author(s):Nwaiwu, Johnson Nkem
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 48--56
In recent times, the corporate governance structure debate has tended to expand the objective of business beyond the maximization of shareholders? wealth to include discharge of duty to the society. This study examines the influence of corporate governance structure and institutional investment of 32 listed companies on the NSE, covering the period of 2006-2010. The postulated hypotheses were tested, using multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis. The empirical results showed no significant influence between corporate governance and institutional investors. Rather, institutional investors exert a significant and, positive influence on corporate governance structure. The studies advocate that given more attention to the large institutional investment, since there is a positive relationship between corporate governance structure and the whole number of institutional investors. And a negative influence between corporate governance structure and volume of institutional investors. To have better monitoring by large institutional investors, they should set up board of investee companies in order to have wider bird?s view image the capital market authority and NSE should set regulations that prevent a percentage holding of share in the companies to protect the control by few institutional investors. The study also recommends further investigations into the influence of corporate governance structure and institutional investors, using larger sample size, covering more years, and including particularly the banking sectors that has witnessed major reforms since 2005 and plays a critical role in the economic development of Nigeria.

Fama-French Three Factors Model in Indian Mutual Fund Market

Author(s):N. S. Santhi---K. Balanaga Gurunathan
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 1--5
Tax Saving Mutual Fund Schemes were established with the objective of inviting Indian Tax assessees into the stock market-oriented investment. Tax saving mutual fund is an avenue which offers an investor the opportunity to avail tax exemption on investment along with diversified risk and market-related return. All Tax Saving Mutual Fund Schemes have same the objective but each scheme differs in returns produced and risks involved. The mutual fund performance is based on the performance of market and there is no assurance on return of mutual fund investments. As such, an analysis have been made in this paper to measure the performance of Indian Mutual funds market by using Fama French three factor model. In particular, 32 growth-oriented open-ended Tax Saving Mutual Fund Schemes have been taken for the study. The performance of the TSMF has been compared with the market benchmark S&P CNX Nifty. It is found that there is a difference between expected return and actual return of mutual funds. It is also found that there are certain mutual fund schemes have underperformed than the market benchmark. Not all the mutual fund schemes are safe and secured. It is the responsibility of the investors to find the better performing funds.

Instability in Rice Production in Gujarat: A Decomposition Analysis

Author(s):Narendra Singh---A K Dikshit---Surendra B. Kuthe
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 6--9
Rice is the most important and extensively grown food crop in India and is the staple food for more than half of the world population. In India, Gujarat ranks 15th in terms of area and production and 9th in productivity (2011). The scope for expanding rice production lies in enhancing productivity. The growth rates of rice area, production and productivity during 1982-83 to 2011-12 were 0.41, 1.25 and 0.83 percent per annum respectively. The growth estimate from last 30 years data shows that negligible increase was recorded in area and production of rice. Presently the yield level of rice in the state is comparatively low from national average need to be increased substantially. The magnitude of instability in area and production of rice has been higher in all the selected districts compared to state. Variability in production has been at a higher rate compared to area and productivity variability in this crop. The area-yield co-variance had a stabilizing effect on reduction of instability in rice production It can be inferred that the wide fluctuation in production of rice crop have been due to the high variability in its productivity. The future development programmes should envisage on increase of yield for bringing stabilization in production of the crop. The area instability also needs to be reduced. This could be reduced by more investment on research for rice production technology in the state.
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