Economics & Business

Search by keywords:
Total Articles 37 - 45 of 6582 | Total Books 1 | Total Conference Proceeding 81

Antecedents and Outcome of Sustainable Environmental Manufacturing Practices

Author(s):Hameed Olusegun Adebambo --- Hasbullah Ashari --- Norani Nordin 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 147-159
An increased demand has been placed on the manufacturing industries to be more responsible to their environment with respect to their product and processes. This demand is due to various antecedent factors driving sustainable environmental practices in manufacturing firms. However, environmental value is not only the concern of firms. The impacts of this environmental initiative on the performance of these firms are as well important. The aim of this study is twofold: (i) to propose a comprehensive framework that encompasses the antecedents and the outcome of sustainable environmental manufacturing practices and (ii) as a validation process for the developed instrument of the ongoing research for the identified constructs of the study. Data were collected from thirty respondents using a seventy-seven item instrument. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS software. The results of the Cronbach’s Alpha test reveal a strong internal reliability of the construct and the overall instrument. The research is significant because it explores the implementation of sustainable environmental manufacturing practices in Malaysia and validates the instrument in which most of these constructs still need further exploration.  

The Relationship between Spirituality and Meaning at Work and the Job Happiness and Psychological Well-Being: A Spiritual-Affective Approach to the Psychological Well-Being

Author(s):Mohsen Golparvar ---- Hassan Abedini 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 160-175
Health and well-being are such important issues for employees in the workplace. Given the importance of this issue, this study was conducted to investigate the role of spirituality and meaning at work for job happiness and psychological well-being. The research design used in this study was correlation one and the sample consisted of 204 numbers of revenue & customs staff of Isfahan and Tehran cities. The research questionnaires were spirituality and meaning at work questionnaires, job happiness scale and psychological well-being questionnaire.¬ The research hypotheses were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling. The results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between spirituality and meaning at work and job happiness and psychological well-being. The results of structural equation modeling also showed that during a series of chain relationships first spirituality and meaning at work communicate with job happiness and psychological well-being and then job happiness reinforces psychological well-being. Totally, the results of this study showed that psychological well-being at work can be considered as a variable with spiritual/affective basis in the workplaces.

ROSCAS Remain Strong in India despite Greater Financial Inclusion

Author(s):Alka Bramhandkar --- Mary Ellen Zuckerman 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 176-185
We begin this paper by summarizing various studies which used surveys and economic models to describe the characteristics and benefits of the old tradition of ROSCAs which is prevalent in many developing countries around the world. These studies also document the types of draws and the factors that motivate people to participate in a ROSCA. We expand the information on this tradition in a state in India where ROSCA is referred to as bhishi.  During the month of January 2013, we interviewed (in-person & over the telephone) several regular participants living in two metro areas in the State of Maharashtra, namely, Mumbai & Pune. Another smaller city of Miraj was also included. The findings from the interviews in India are illustrative of the creative ways people have taken the old, money-based idea of bhishi and interwoven it with the fabric of social and cultural traditions.  It is being kept alive to build and strengthen relationships among friends, relatives, and neighbors.  Incorporating the fun dimensions ranging from enjoying different cuisine to taking trips into the old tradition seems to maintain its popularity. This behavior is noteworthy especially with India’s recent entry into the world market as an emerging economic power.  Although people with lower incomes still value bhishi in its traditional role as a saving vehicle (and occasionally as a lender of last resort), most middle and upper-income earners strongly believe in this modern evolution of an old tradition and are committed to continue it. 

On Energy Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development in Nigeria

Author(s):Christopher N. Ekong --- Usenobong F. Akpan 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 186-202
Reforming fossil fuel subsidy in Nigeria offers greater opportunities in putting the country on a sustainable path of development. However, removing or reducing fuel subsidy is one knotty issue that has generated severe challenges to government over the decades. Several attempts at this direction have often met stiff opposition from entrenched interest groups. Among other things, a successful reform would require a strong political will to trade off the concentrated benefits of vested interests groups against greater benefits to the society. Achieving this end may not be an easy exercise and a number of issues/options that should be considered have been highlighted in the paper.   

Financial Performance Assessment of Large Scale Conglomerates Via Topsis and Critic Methods

Author(s):Halim Kazan --- Omer Ozdemir 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 203-224
In this study, TOPSIS method was used to analyze financial statements of the fourteen large-scale conglomerates which are traded on Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE). At first, the study used CRITIC METHOD to calculate nineteen financial ratios of these holdings over three periods (2009-2011), and found their financial ratio weights. TOPSIS method was applied to the nineteen financial ratio calculated, and the conglomerates were given financial performance scores in accordance with the results reached. Financial performance scores of these conglomerates were compared in order to make an inference as to their future behaviors.

Analysis of Batik Semarang Business Performance Using SCP (Structure-Conduct-Performance) Approach

Author(s):Ngatindriatun 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 225-233
Batik Semarang is one of  Indonesia’s national heritage, which once had disappered in Japan colonialism era. In 2006, the city government of Semarang started to redevelop Batik Semarang  as a regional identity of Semarang, by conducting a preservation program of Batik Semarang. This research’s objective is to identify and analyze the business performance of Batik craftsmen or batik maker in Semarang  focused on the study on production, distribution, and market aspects. The  fact arose is the decreasing number of Batik craftsmen year by year. The research was conducted by using the survey method on 17 batik craftsman in Semarang city. The Analysis of Batik Semarang’s Business Performance uses SCP approach which covers market structure analysis, conduct analysis, and performance analysis. The industry level market is moderately concentrated over the study indicated by the CR4 75% and HHI 1889. The result of market structure analysis suggest an oligopolistic market structure. Performance analysis involves the elements of price conduct, product conduct, and market conduct. Price conduct shows that 76 % of respondents act as the price maker. Product conduct shows that 70 % of respondents have chosen to do product diversification. Market conduct shows that 56 percent of producers sell the products directly to the consumers.. Performance analysis is viewed from the element of Batik business profitability, which shows the average R/C ratio of 1.72 and the average ROA of 0.51. This indicates that Batik Semarang business is still profitable.

Stock Market Volatility under Sanctions

Author(s):Hojatallah Goudarzi 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 234-249
Since 1979, Iran has faced with unilateral and multilateral harsh sanctions due to its nuclear energy program. These sanctions have resulted in significant problem to both sanctioned and sanctioning parties. Given the fact that sanctions have had significant impacts on Iran’s economy and since Iran stock market is the barometer of its economy, it is assumed that sanctions affect the Iranian stock market as well. To test this hypothesis, this study studied the Iranian stock market volatility during harsh sanctions using ARCH models. The study found that, despite all sanctions, not only Iran’s stock market shows major stylized facts of any stock market’s volatility i.e. volatility clustering, fat tails and mean reversion but also it shows no irregularity which could be attributed to effect of sanctions. This finding was consistent with Iranian stock market regulators claiming Iranian stock market growth and the U.S. Congressional Research Service report 2013. Therefore, based on findings, this study concluded that Iranian stock market has not affected by sanctions.

Strategies to Increase the Self- Efficacy of Educational Administrators

Author(s):Mitra Ebrahimi --- Ramezan Jahanian 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 250-260
Many human behaviors are controlled and raised by Self-influence. Among the self- influence mechanisms, none is more important and inclusive than believing personal self efficacy. If one believes that he or she cannot achieve the expected results or prevent unacceptable behavior, He or she will be less motivated to do the work .Although there are other factors that act as triggers of human behavior but they depend on personal belief. This paper attempts to define self efficacy, its field, dimensions and forming and reinforcing factors, as well as training Educational administrators Managers

Does Higher Education Reduce Poverty among Youths in Nigeria?

Author(s):Ukwueze Ezebuilo R. -- Nwosu Emmanuel O.
Journal: Asian Economic and Financial Review
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-19
Poverty is a serious problem in Nigeria with estimated 70.2 percent of Nigerians on less than 1$ daily. Poverty in Nigeria resembles a paradox, with her wealth; she still faces an enormous challenge in her effort to reduce poverty. The government has vigorously pursued poverty reduction policies through educational and other policies yet the issue of high rate of poverty is still problematic. This study aims at finding the impact of higher education on poverty among youths in Nigeria. We used propensity score matching and Logistic regressions to estimate the impact of higher education on youth poverty. We used data from 2004 National Living Standard Survey.  We found that higher education has the capacity to reduce poverty. Those who had a higher education had the average treatment effect on the treated (ATT), an average gain in expenditure per capita by higher education receiving households, using nearest neighbor matches as N20,106.87. 
Page:12345678910Next