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Total Articles 19 - 27 of 6582 | Total Books 1 | Total Conference Proceeding 81

Molding the Young for Proper Socio-Economic Development: The Case for Vocational Guidance and Counselling in the Secondary School System in Zimbabwe

Author(s):Maxwell Constantine Chando Musingafi---Racheal Mafumbate
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 10--15
In this desktop based paper we argue the case for school based vocational guidance and counselling services in Zimbabwe. We establish that school based vocational guidance and counselling services help students to reflect on their ambitions, interests and abilities. Young people experience problems, especially in their vocational development and eventually leading to a mismatch in the job market world. These include a lack of knowledge of their own aptitudes and interests; a lack of realism; indecision; inflexibility and unwillingness to change; a lack of occupational information; problem-solving skills; and gender stereotypes. Our argument in this paper is that in the modern constantly changing world, students should be helped to seek and use current occupational information, clarify their own values, feelings and attitudes, and relate them to educational and vocational demands. We thus categorize the benefits of guidance and counselling into the following groups: personal-social benefits; scholastic-academic benefits; and career vocational benefits.

Teacher Perceptions of Factors that Cause High Levels of Stress: The Case of the Zimbabwean Rural Primary School Teachers

Author(s):Zadzisai Machingambi---Kumbirai, C. Ngwaru---Maxwell Constantine Chando Musingafi
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 16--23
The main thrust of this investigation was to use a descriptive survey research design to study teacher perceptions of factors that cause high levels of stress. Data were collected through a questionnaire and an interview schedule. The research instruments and data analyses procedures were pilot tested and subsequently refined. Teacher perceptions were analyzed within the framework of selected demographic factors. It is on the basis of these factors that hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study unveiled the following findings: The majority of teachers perceived most job factors to be highly stressful, and to contribute significantly towards an unfavourable work environment. Factored dimensions perceived to be stressful encompassed; low levels of remuneration, poor incentives package, high teacher-pupil ratio, high amount of clerical work, unfavorable supervisory climate and unprogressive leadership styles. As a result of these findings some conclusions were drawn. School based factors tended to shape perceptions more than any other factors. The study also observed that teacher perceptions did not vary significantly with selected demographic characteristics. Recommendations on reducing stress among Zimbabwean rural primary school teachers were structured around the key focus issues that underpinned the study.

An Exploration of Trend in Internet Usage and Perception of Information Credibility among Indian Post Graduate Students

Author(s):Sandhya Rai
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 24--28
Internet services have become very popular worldwide and India is not different. Since its launch in the year 1995, India is the third largest country in the world in terms of number of internet users. There are lot many studies about the use of internet among the student community worldwide but not much had been studied about the internet usage and perception of information credibility among the Indian students. This study had been conducted to study it. Also the popular sources used by the Indian post graduate students for the search were studied. The research also tries to find out if there is any difference between the usage pattern of the internet in term of gender. The perception of the students towards the credibility of the information available on the internet had also been studied.

Human Resource Planning Management and Their Improving Method

Author(s):Ramezan Jahanian---Maryam Modaresi
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 29--31
Management should have suitable planning for all resource in his authority, nevertheless will have problem in estimating need and directing resource. In fact, planning is process that organization has combined all activities and trying for his purpose and his purpose is obtaining to organization result. Therefore planning is framework of management element. According to the role and importance of human resource could have effective role in developing organization. Planning human resource help to organization that ensure from the position of human resource, adding forces, lacking human resource in different parts or in balancing them and be sure that suitable staff in suitable job have in suitable time . Planning management of human resource will help to organization that estimate organization changing relate to his activities to least costs. Human resource planning makes us confident about the existence of unity and cohesion in personal activities. According this, giving a complete ,efficient model that could cover all human resource planning in a good way, is an unpreventable necessity.

Challenges and Prospects for School Based Mentoring in the Professional Development of Student Teachers in Zimbabwe: Academics, Mentees and Mentors Perceptions

Author(s):Maxwell C.C. Musingafi---Racheal Mafumbate
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 32--39
In this qualitative study we sought to establish the usefulness of school based mentoring in the professional development of student teachers in Zimbabwe using schools in Masvingo urban as case studies. The central question guiding us in this study focuses on what student teachers and their mentors felt towards the current school based student teachers practicum supervision. Many contemporary authorities believe that an effective teacher training programme can be ensured when both the school and the college (department of teacher?s training) work in tandem. They argue that whereas the college plays a leading role during the days of classroom-based theory exposition, this leading role is subsequently ceded to the field or school-based mentor. In the college, students are fed with theoretical concepts of the teaching and learning process. But these theories mean nothing if they do not guide practice. How then can we ensure that theories guide practice? Traditionally teaching practice (without mentors as we know them today) has been believed to be the best way of attaining this goal. In this study, most participants felt that both the college lecturer and an experienced and knowledgeable person in the school compound should supervise students on teaching practice. They agreed that school based supervision is of great value as it plays a critical role in the development of student teachers, but still it requires enough resources and the complementary role of the college professional supervisor.

Inbound Tourism and Social Factors in Nigeria: Evidence from an Ardl-Ecm Model

Author(s):Emmanuel Okokondem Okon
Journal: Asian Journal of Economics and Empirical Research
Publisher:Asian Online Journal Publishing Group
Abstract
| Pages: 40--47
This paper investigated the relationship between social factors and inbound tourism in Nigeria between 1990 and 2012. Phillip Perron unit root test revealed stationarity of the variables at their first difference while the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) bounds testing approach to cointegration also established the long run relationship among the variables. In the short run, LOG(ILL), LOG(CRM(-1))and DLOG(MPR(-1)) exhibited negatively significant relationship with inbound tourism in Nigeria while LOG(URB(-1)) has a positively significant relationship. The long run result indicates that LOG(URB) is positively related with tourism demand (LOG(TAR)). On the other hand, LOG(MPR) shows an inversely significant relationship with LOG(TAR). Nigerian government should still do more in the area of awareness of malaria prevention and compliance. Also, more commitment should be made in fighting illiteracy especially at the rural level.

Price Distortions, Exports, and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Non-Oil Sectors of Nigeria

Author(s):Benedict  N. Akanegbu 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-15
This study examines the effects of price distortions on output in the non-oil sectors of the Nigerian economy. Specifically, the study tests the hypothesis: that price distortions are inversely related to non-oil output on the supply side; and also inversely related to the aggregate demand component such as non-oil exports on the demand side. The study adopts a model based on a modified neoclassical production function where non-oil exports are taken as production input. The analysis confirms the view that price distortions have significant negative influence on the non-oil sectors of the Nigerian economy.

An Architecture for Personal Achievement Evaluation System in An University By Applying Open Source ECM and Bi Software

Author(s):Muslin Ridhrod --- Taratip Suwannasart --- Arthit Thongtak 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 16-23
Personal achievement evaluation process is necessary to understand each employee’s abilities, competencies, and relative merits which are very important for an organization. The results of evaluation process are analyzed between achievement targets and actual achievement scores, which are collected and stored from many data sources and documents such as evaluation patterns, groups of person, and kinds of workload. Furthermore, for each evaluation period, flexible policies and procedures are needed. This study presents an architecture for personal achievement evaluation system in an university by using an open source ECM software tool for managing their links of the supporting document with actual data, and BI technology is used to inspect, evaluate, and create personal achievement reports by applying open source software principles to be able to gather all data and store the supporting documents into an evaluation database. XML schema is a dynamic mechanism for managing constant change. We propose a formulate principle and an implementation procedure which is expected to be able to apply with other university’s departments to support their personal achievement evaluation process.

FDI in Indian Retail Sector: Strategic Issues and Implications

Author(s):A. Vijayakumar 
Journal: International Journal of Management and Sustainability
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 24-41
The spectacular and unprecedented growth of FDI in the global economic landscape over the last two decades has made it an integral part of the development strategy of both the developed and developing nations. It acts as major catalyst in the development of a country through up-gradation of technology, managerial skills and capabilities in various sectors. Indian retail industry is one of the sunrise sectors with huge growth potential. According to the Investment Commission of India, the retail sector is expected to grow almost three times its current levels to $660 billion by 2015. However, in spite of the recent developments in retail sector and its immense contribution to the economy, it continues to be the least evolved industries in India when compared to the rest of the world. This dismal situation of the retail sector despite the ongoing wave of incessant liberalization and globalization stems from the absence of an FDI encouraging policy in the Indian retail sector. Until 2011, Indian government denied FDI in multi-brand retail, forbidding foreign groups from any retail outlets. In November 2011, India’s central government announced retail reforms. FDI in the retail can expand markets by reducing transaction and transformation costs of business through adoption of advanced supply chain and benefit consumers and suppliers. Oppositions have raised concerns about employment losses, promotion of unhealthy competition among organized domestic retailers resulting in exist of small domestic retailers from the market and distortion of urban cultural development. This paper captures the existing retail scenario in India and presents the limitations of the current set-up. The paper discusses about opening up of the retail sector to FDI by the government and tracks the efforts taken by the government with regard to foreign direct investment in retail sector. The paper also analyzes the reason why foreign retailers are interested in India, the strategies they are adopting to enter India and their prospects in India. The present paper also focuses on the strategic issues and implications of FDI retail in India and the major challenges that it faces.
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