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The Media and the Offence of Criminal Libel in Ghana: Sankofa

Author(s):Olivia Anku-Tsede
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 26-34
This article critically examines the repealed criminal libel law in the light of the 1992 Constitutional provisions of Ghana as well as judicial precedents. It seeks to evaluate the constitutionality of criminal libel laws and their implications for freedom of the media. This article brings to fore the implications of re-introducing such laws into the Ghanaian legal system. It argues that the re-introduction of criminal libel laws would contravene the letter and spirit of the 1992 Constitution of Ghana, thus unconstitutional. It contends that the nature of criminal libel laws is such that it impedes the development of media freedom and practice. Finally, it suggests that both the media and individuals should be empowered to express their opinions within a free and fair political and economic environment.

Privatization of Maritime Security Surveillance and Enforcement: A Compromise of State Sovereignty

Author(s):Sharifah Zubaidah Syed Abdul Kader --- Abdulkadir. O. Abdulrazaq --- 
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 19-25
One of the most vital engines motivating global economic progress and development in recent times is the freedom to participate in seaborne trade the world over. Moderately unhindered right to traverse the world's ports is an essential component of the global economic success and development story. In the like manner, the serious threats posed to global order by international terrorism, piracy, oil theft and bunkering, to mention but a few, have given rise to overriding and all important national security concerns among the port states. In response to these challenges, some states have increased their strategy with the establishment of maritime security enforcement forces like the Coast Guard in U.S, the Malaysian Maritime Enforcement Agency (MMEA) in Malaysia and the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA), to address the problem. However, the Nigerian government has now changed the policy and firmed-out enforcement and surveillance activities in the entire Nigerian maritime domain to a private security company. This paper argues that the issue of maritime enforcement and surveillance goes beyond the activities of private individuals and besides, the policy usurps the constitutional powers of the legislature which established NIMASA through an Act of the National Assembly as well as the responsibility of the navy. The paper also maintains that the concession of maritime surveillance and enforcement to a private security company is a total misunderstanding of the use of private security companies in maritime practice and by so doing it amounts to a compromise of national sovereign in the hands of a few private individuals.

Civil liability of referees

Author(s):Ali Faryabi doust 
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 12-18
In recent years organizations review the establishment and development of fungal species have arbitration centers within private organizations around the world are in turn made up of attorneys and Chambers of Commerce and so it goes for some arbitral institutions, they soon will become a very active and famous however, this situation is not true in all of these organizations and some of them exist only on paper due to the low level of activity is summarized, Meanwhile, even some We witness arbitration centers were formed only as a tool for the design of such fraud cases in the criminal courts in some countries this is evidence, Incidence of such issues as the increased number of judgments in the late 70's early 80's was different organizations, including the International Bar Association attempts to set guidelines and code of conduct for judges are obliged to, The Court of Arbitration (ISI. Thirty. Thirty.), The correct response to the accelerator stuck to his objection to the competency of the judges will be required, Admission that the impartiality and independence of judgment in the case and not having much in common with the interests of each party to the dispute and signed the verdict, This commitment has reduced the referee writing battery statistics however, the growth of arbitration organizations and statistical significance of the jury against claims arising problems of civil liability judgment emphasizes that organ extracts however, the growth of arbitration organizations and statistical significance of the jury against claims arising problems of civil liability judgment emphasizes that organ extracts Today, their real credit to this issue in more attention and adherence have to be clear so that Which of the so-called peer review lacks credibility and capacity are sufficient tenure to this with the boundary and incompetence are invalid.

The Impact of Regulation according to International law on economic growth in ECO countries

Author(s):Zaei --- Karim ---  Gudarzi Farahani --- Yazdan
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-11
This paper investigates the long-run relationship between regulation and economic growth for a panel of ECO countries over the period 1990–2011 by employing the recently developed panel data unit root tests and the Pedroni panel data cointegration techniques. In particular, building effective regulatory structures in ECO countries is not simply an issue of the technical design of the most appropriate regulatory instruments; it is also concerned with the quality of supporting regulatory institutions and capacity. This paper explores the role of state regulation using an econometric model of the impact of regulation on growth. Furthermore, conditional on finding cointegration, the paper extends the literature by employing the Pedroni Panel Fully Modified Ordinary Least Squares (FMOLS) procedure to generate consistent estimates of the relevant panel variables. The results based on two different techniques of estimation suggest a strong causal link between regulatory quality and economic performance.

Judicial Remedies for Human Rights Violations in Nigeria: A Critical Appraisal

Author(s):Jacob Abiodun Dada
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 1-18
Although human rights issues have become a global subject with global relevance, States remain primarily responsible in international law for the promotion and protection of human rights. In recognition and acknowledgment of the mandate of States, Nigeria has erected enviable institutional infrastructure and provided a wide range of remediesjudicial and extra-judicial – to redress human rights violations occurring in its territory. But the provision of remedies is one thing their adequacy and efficacy are another matter entirely. It is regrettably true that judicial remedies in Nigeria are hamstrung by a number of factors. This article examines the judicial remedies available in Nigeria to redress human rights violations and stresses the imperative of judicial remedies generally. The paper also examines the procedure for the activation of judicial remedies and draws attention to the multifarious impediments which have gravely undermined, compromised and frustrated the effectiveness of the remedies. It concludes by providing suggestions which will ensure that the remedies are of real value in redressing human rights violations in Nigeria.The early 19th century and 20th century is marked by a salient feature of close association between the economic progress and political freedom. This close association led to the phenomenon of globalization. Poor countries seek help from the rich countries and they too help them because, they also get benefit. Foreign direct investment play a key role in economic progress and this has a direct impact on employment level in any economy. This study focuses the impact of foreign direct investment on employment level in Pakistan. Data time span is 1970-2011. The variables in the study are employment level, foreign direct investment, exchange rate and GDP per capita. The study uses Johanson Co-integration approach to analyze the long run relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The result shows the existence of long run relationship.

Policy implementation: A Tool for Enhancing Tourism Development in Ghana

Author(s): Kwame Asamoah
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 19-29
Examined in this study is the extent to which the tourism sector has contributed to the economy of Ghana, using the concept of implementation as the theoretical framework. The paper begins by providing an overview of theoretical considerations underlying tourism policy using an implementation model. The scholarly arguments surrounding the concept of tourism are then dissected. An assessment of policy interventions to boost the tourism industry is done. The study reveals that the tourism sector has made significant contribution to the economy of Ghana, though certain challenges persist. The paper recommends that robust policies be designed and effectively implemented to enhancing tourism development in Ghana.

Work Injuries Compensation under the Employee’s Compensation Act in Nigeria: What is Next?

Author(s):I. N. E Worugji
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 30-45
The paper focuses on the employment injuries compensation scheme established under the Employee’s Compensation Act, 2010. It examines the scheme within the context of its objective, work force covered, financing, compensable injuries and compensation, and administration of the Act; and the extent to which the scheme is in tandem with international labour standards. This is done by relating the provisions of the Act with some relevant recommendations of the ILO as contained in the Employment Injuries Benefit Convention 1964 (C121) as amended. The aim is primarily to suggest ideas and policy alternatives where necessary for consideration by policy makers and further amendments to the law to guarantee adequate and sustainable injury compensation scheme for the worker and economic development in line with the ILO Employment Injuries Benefit Convention recommendation.

Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Employment Level in Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis

Author(s):Malik Danish Habib --- Saima Sarwar
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 46-55
The early 19th century and 20th century is marked by a salient feature of close association between the economic progress and political freedom. This close association led to the phenomenon of globalization. Poor countries seek help from the rich countries and they too help them because, they also get benefit. Foreign direct investment play a key role in economic progress and this has a direct impact on employment level in any economy. This study focuses the impact of foreign direct investment on employment level in Pakistan. Data time span is 1970-2011. The variables in the study are employment level, foreign direct investment, exchange rate and GDP per capita. The study uses Johanson Co-integration approach to analyze the long run relationship between the dependent and independent variables. The result shows the existence of long run relationship.

Decision-making in foreign policy

Author(s):Ahmed Aref AL Kafarneh
Journal: Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization
Publisher:
Abstract
| Pages: 56-72
Decision made by the governments are dynamics underlies their external and external attires. Therefore care should be taken when taking such decision because hasty decision might lead to confusion if they were taken arbitrarily, and this would affect negatively its relationship with other countries. Most countries now a days take care of such decision that reflect their philosophy, ideology and political targets of the dominant political system through alternatives and giving priority to them so that can be finally applied according to local and international rules. Region, political, international, region of successive changes Globalization, and technological revolution caused the third world countries to adopt democracy. As the USA has become the main dominant power offer the fall of USSR, put the world at the turn of 20th century, into dilemma offer the invisible of Iraq and Afghanistan. This exposed the vulnerability exposed to foreign invasion so their decision do not meet their needs. Democratization process, is negatively affected so that decision making is badly affected because the national acuity and them opened the door for sects, schism, racial and tribal decimation which badly affect the process of decision making
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