Languages & Linguistics

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Translation as a Confront of Languages and Cultures

Author(s):Alba Teneqexhi
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 86-90
Translation remains the most complicated and unknown phenomenon. The process of translation is the subject of research of recent times, among other things, established the systematic analysis of the translation formulations created by interpreters and linguists in different eras and places. Necessarily translation is closely connected with the multiplicity of the ways of thinking and as a consequence I have treated this occurrence as a confront of cultures, in a confrontation that must reach a balance and a measurability of losses or supplements during the hard work of the translator: of this being that ‘sits in the shade and makes light’. Herein, different treatments and considerations on the problems of translation and cultural connotations that confront and interject best in the binomial culture – translation. In this research are presented different approaches and considerations on the problem of translation and cultural connotations, which are faced and interlinked best in culture binomial - translation. As a result of this research turns out that contacts between two languages define linguistic modifications to the systems that much so that translation can be best seen as a rewriting, as a manipulation that expresses the power of a culture over another.

Teacher’s Role in Classroom Management and Traditional Methods

Author(s):Isa Spahiu, Edita Spahiu
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 91-100
This paper is written for the purpose of growing our stream of consciousness about the role of the teacher in classroom management and the traditional methods. We did not write the words of my mind, but we wrote the collected facts that are published by different important people who dealt with these areas. The role of the teacher is said to be a very important in achieving great results in teaching and learning process. Traditional methods were widely used in earlier time, but with the growth of other methods they were omitted. All what is said is going to be elaborated in details. By reading this paper it does not mean that we will be the ones who will apply these methods in teaching, but we will try to avoid the traditional ones. We wrote what is real, not what is said to be unimaginable. You can find a lot of useful information on different areas of teaching methods and methodologies. As we shall see in the following sections this paper explains briefly the above mentioned methods and classroom management. Applying these factors in everyday teaching process, it will lead us to an advantageous degree of learning and teaching methodologies.

A historical overview of the Albanian law of inheritance

Author(s):Laura Vorpsi, Arsim Sinani
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 101-108
Albania even nowadays continues to implement the same rules that were applied before the declaration of independence. As regards the heritage, it is regulated by the law and with the same norms that were applied before. Thus, during the Turkish reign every justice relashionship was regulated by the norms of Shariat, Muslim right, which its source had from Quran. Later, in 1994 when the Civil Code entered into power the institution of inheritance was firmly regulated in Albania.

Migratory and Refugee Movements Arnautash and Tracks of the Migration of New and Old Albanian in the Balkan Peninsula

Author(s):Meli Shopi, Denis Himci, Rozeta Bici
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 109-115
Our article will reflect through an attentive scientific, linguistic, literary and historical analysis the tracks of the new and old Albanian migrations in the Balkan Peninsula. Only through a careful browse, study and research of a full literature we will aim toward the following issues: -The Turkish, Bulgarian and Odesë’s Arnautash; -The Albanian language in Arnautash settlements of Mandricë in Turkey and in Ukraine; -The role of Arnautash migration in the Albanian National Renaissance and in the Albanian alphabet; -Famous personalities in the Albanian literary and philosophical thinking formed in Mergata Arnaute; (Istanbul Society and Bucharest Society) etc. The period of the Albanian National Renaissance, considered to be one of the most important periods in our history, would be associated with ideas and principles which would represent Albanian’s national ideology inside and outside the territory of Albania, by facing the historical conditions faced by the Balkan’s reality. Therefore, the problems and concerns which Albanians had did not exist only inside Albanian borders, but they existed also in other places where the Albanians lived. The conclusions which resulted from this paper will show once again that this historical-linguistic and literary analysis will present that piece of problematic Albanian reality which was and is encountered in the Albanian Migration in the Balkan Peninsula.

The Impact of Students’ Age on their Attitudes Toward Disability – the Albania’s Case

Author(s):Fatbardha Osmanaga
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 116-126
Children attitudes toward their disabled peers impact the process of scholastic integration of children with special needs. The study aimed to measure the impact of childrens’age on their attitudes towards disability. The paper examined the impact of the age in Albanian childrens’attitudes toward their peers with disabilities. In the study participated 1050 students. Based on the analysis of the data, it resulted that the attitude of pupils towards their peers with disabilities was positive. Affective components and behavioral ones were favorable, while the cognitive component was not favorable. There is a significant relationship between different classes in the general attitude of students. There is a significant relationship between different classes in the affective and behavioral components of students attitude. So, there is not a significant relationship between different classes in the behavioral component attitude of students. There are given some recommendations in order to promote positive attitudes towards pupils with disabilities and to improve the process and structure of learning.

Subacute Rumen Acidosis in After Calving Period And Laminitis in Cattle

Author(s):Emilian Shabani, Vangjel Ceroni, Nexhat Mazreku
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 127-132
From October 2011 - December 2012 two groups of 20 heads of cattles with experimentally attended screenings halting syndrome was affected by the condition of subacute rumen acidosis. Various food rations taking into account differences of acid and base equivalents were used in these groups of animanl. Animals of the first group were treated with food rations in dominance of acid equivalents and with acid base difference equivalent to - 12:35. The second group of animals was treated with food rations in dominance of basic equivalent with the difference of acid-base equal 137.13. Animals of both groups were checked during the first four months after calving for rumen pH, glucose level, total calcium and inorganic phosphorus in the blood. In the first group of cows in experiment with ruminal acidosis (rumen pH average for the study period, 5.51 ± 0.3), with the average level of glucose in 0:03 ± 1.87 mmol / liter, the overall calcium average ± 7.71 mg% 00:11 and inorganic phosphorus on average 5.83 ± 0:02 mg% in the first four months of after calving, halting syndrome was detected in six heads or in 30.0%. In the second group of cows, with normal rate of levels for rumen pH (5.92 ± 0.7), average glucose 2:12 ± 0:02 mmol / liter, the average of total calcium 9:24 ± 0:09 mg% and inorganic phosphorus average 6:12 ± 0:04 mg%), halting syndrome was observed in one cow or in 5.0%. The data obtained for rumen pH, glucose level, total calcium and inorganic phosphorus in the two groups of cows and in cows affected by halting syndrome were confirmed statistically (P> 0.99). Rumen pH, glucose and calcium level present correlative links and negative character (r = - 0.428, r = - 0.686 and r = - 0791) by halting syndrome from laminitis in cattle and inorganic phosphorus level is about dependency positive character (r = 0. 629).

Contrastive Ethnolinguistic Features of Rosa Canina Phitonyms

Author(s):Anyla Saraçi (Maxhe), Robert Damo
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 133-140
The linguistic ethnobotany may include primitive and modern information and methods to survey and describe the life through plant names. The Albanian culture is very rich in wild vegetation elements that are used as food, medicine and handicraft materials. So the study of the area and the relations between plants and the Albanian traditional folk culture make up an indispensable contribution for the development of agriculture and the identification of the national identity. The paper deals with the four variants Rosa canina phitonym detected in Devoll and Korça area. Based in the contrastive linguistic insight of this plant name between some Balkan Slavic languages and Albanian we concluded that there are some close semantic and lexical parallels. In this frame, the study of linguistic features of Rosa canina phitonyms, and in a larger perspective even the other plant names can offer the important information for their widespread and usefulness. This study is a possibility to extend these kinds of studies in Albania, especially in south.

Socio Economic Environment and Investment Perspective in Kosova

Author(s):Muhamet Aliu
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 141-153
The aim of this study is to address the socio-economic environment and the internal and external investment potential factors. Factors investor research is done based on statistical data, analysis and empirical method. Socio-economic environment in Kosova justifies investment in industry, construction, agriculture, trade and tourism. Investments based on social and economic factor for the Kosova case are justified by the formula "Tejloriste". Investment performance and profit maximization based on the production or provision of services at low cost. Cultural, demographic, educational, religious, and ethnic state on the one hand and on the other hand the trend for consumption, the trend for increasing the propensity for Welfare, standardization of applications, products and services, stable and fiscal banking system are favorable elements for investments in Kosova.

Study of Physico-Chemical Parameters of Water Quality in the Lumbardh Deçani

Author(s):Xhelal Këpuska
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 154-158
This study deals with the monitoring of physico-chemical parameters of water Lumbardh Decani which is the leading supplier of Radoniq accumulation lake. The said water has multiple uses as irrigation of agricultural lands on the part of Prizren Has side and serves also as the drinking water supply of about 220000 residents of Djakovica, Orahovac and some Prizreniti villages after treatment.. This study presents monthly changes of parameters during 2012. Physico-chemical parameters analyzed were: water temperature, pH value, turbidity, total hardness, chlorides, nitrates, phosphates. This study was conducted from January 2012 to December 2012.Water analysis results showed that all parameters are allowed under the standard limit for surface waters, however, in areas where population is larger, there is no change of water quality due to uncontrolled spill made.
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