Languages & Linguistics

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Multiple Intelligences and Motivational Orientations in Learning EFL

Author(s):Danebeth Tristeza Glomo-Narzoles
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 49-56
The main purpose of this study is to determine the dominant types of multiple intelligences and motivational orientations of students in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL). To achieve this objective, two research tools were used namely, survey questionnaire and focused group discussion (FGD). For quantitative data, the researcher used a standardized Multiple Intelligences Inventory by Walter McKenzie (1999) and a questionnaire on Motivational Orientations in Learning EFL. For qualitative data, FGD sessions with selected AMAIUB students were conducted. The participants of the study were 165 AMA International University-Bahrain (AMAIUB) students for the Academic Year 2011-2012 and were categorized according to sex and programme enrolled. Results of the study revealed that the dominant types of intelligences of AMAIUB students are existential, bodily-kinesthetic, and intrapersonal. When grouped as to programme enrolled, the Business Informatics, International Studies, and Informatics Engineering students have existential; Mechanical Engineering students have visual-spatial; Computer Science students have intrapersonal and the Medicine students have naturalistic. When grouped as to sex, male students’ dominant types of intelligences are existential, intrapersonal, and bodily-kinesthetic while female students have existential, bodily-kinesthetic, and intrapersonal. Further, results showed that AMAIUB students have the integrative or intrinsic motivational orientation in learning EFL. When grouped as to sex, both male and female students have integrative or intrinsic motivational orientation in learning EFL. As to their programme enrolled, Business Informatics, International Studies, Mechatronics Engineering, and Computer Science students have integrative or intrinsic motivational orientation in learning EFL while the Informatics Engineering students have instrumental or extrinsic. The Medicine students have both integrative and instrumental orientations. As ascertained in this study, there were no significant differences on the students’ types of intelligences when grouped as to sex. However, a significant difference in the types of intelligence was found when the students are categorized as to the programme enrolled, specifically, on the Naturalist type of intelligence between the Medicine and Computer Science and International Studies students. Moreover, there were no significant differences on the students’ motivational orientations in learning EFL when they were grouped as to programme enrolled and sex. In the basis of the findings, the following conclusions were drawn: Sex is not a correlate of the types of multiple intelligences. Programme enrolled is a significant determinant of the types multiple of intelligences. Sex does not affect the motivational orientations in learning EFL. Programme enrolled does not affect the motivational orientations in learning EFL.

The Use of Short Story in TEFL: An Integrated and Communicative Sample Study: “The Third Wish”, By Joan Aiken

Author(s):Dr. Yıldıray ÇEVİK, Dr. Isa SPAHIU
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 57-65
Short story teaching is really a dynamic and integrated task in communicative language teaching. Simple class-lecture may not be fruitful if it is not penetrated into the mind of the students. The teacher has to remember not only how effective the way teaching is, but also how interesting the classroom teaching could be. Traditional approaches in which the teacher, like the protagonist in a “monologue” is the only speaker and the students, being silent listeners, have got nothing to do other than listen to what the teacher says, no matter whether they enjoy it or not. Mere teacher-centered approaches of teaching the short story neither can arouse students’ interest in the content, nor do they directly involve the students in the learning process beyond the surface meaning of the short story. Thus, a careful selection of in-class activities appropriate to students’ language requirements and level should be incorporated into the short story teaching, which would help students consolidate their language knowledge and get involved into a short story through deeper analysis by offering many wide-ranging activities. The present paper, in the light of the views above, intends to show how integrated and communicative approach enables a teacher in the classroom to teach more effectively by directly involving students in the classroom activities. To illustrate this, Joan Aiken’s widely-known short story “The Third Wish” is selected as it allows for a variety of activities.

A Comparative Approach on Reference as an Important Element of Cohesion in English and Albanian Language

Author(s):Lutfije Çota
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 66-76
The article deals with the phenomenon of “Reference” as an element of cohesion in English and Albanian language. It aims at giving the concepts and classifications of various linguists as well as our modest thought on referential elements. Cohesive elements have been considered a rich resourse of study by different linguists. A comparative study of them in both languages has resulted in finding the similarities and most importantly in finding differences between them.This work supports the idea that cohesion is important to help readers process text and to produce good writing.The semantic relation set up within a sentence has the consequence that when it crosses a sentence boundary it has the effect of making the two sentences cohere with one another.This is the most usual pattern in the case of reference. The main focus will be put on the property, form and grammar of reference, the frequency of referential items across different registers.

Issue of Creating Technical Terminology in Albanian

Author(s):Mr. sc. Dipl. Ing. Gani Pllana
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 77-82
The rapid development of science and technology as well as of economy, represent the need to establish multiple terms and linguistic units, which serve for naming new things. As in other languages of the world, so also in the Albanian language, special words, terms, which were previously used only in a particular area of human activity, and were known only to a small circle, with time and under specific conditions of language development, have extended the scope of their use across linguistic boundaries. In many cases these words are not Albanian, but foreign, not always used because of indispensable necessity, but by some negligence, in order to maintain the purity of the language from the influx of foreign words. Engineers and specialists who are not language experts should be helped in any case, when it comes to the naming of new items and processes.

Globalization of Music – Indian Context

Author(s):Sangeeta Mukherjee
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 84-87
The term Globalization was used in 1980s, but the concept stretches back decades, even centuries. Globalization implies the progressive withdrawal of national boundaries. In the distant past, when there was very poor communication between the stretches of the human habitats, arts and cultures emerged around civilizations, which developed mainly the bank of rivers. Each of these civilizations music was quite different and distinct from the others. Music has been one of the most suitable term of fine arts; not only in the Indian subcontinent but all over the world. In the most of the civilizations, initially, music was considered to be a tool of the religious practice. In Indian context, the inscriptions on the walls of different temples prove this fact. The present paper is an attempt to review the positive as well as negative impacts of Globalization in the field of Music in general and music of India in particular.

“DNA” as a Tool for Missing Persons Identification

Author(s):MA. Gentiana Kasumi
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 88-90
In Kosovo, crime has taken worrying extents, especially in the postwar years; there is no doubt that the vacuum created by the lack of laws is one of the circumstances that created the space for such phenomenon. The fundamental issue to legally treat the criminality is to set a proportionate report between the criminal act and the following punishment. Biological disputed tracks treated with special technique are compared with the undisputed biological material and thus prove the existence of their identity. Therefore, the identity of the person, to whom the biological trace belongs, is certainly and accurately proven.

Victimisation of Juveniles Deprived of Their Liberty over the Transition Period in Albania

Author(s):Florim Salihu
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 91-95
In this paper are treated the victimization of juveniles, detained in Albania during the period of transition. So, in special focus is the manner that how the juveniles are treated by the juridical authorities in legal factual aspect. Here are treated the forms of victimization of the juveniles where is a suspicion that are in contradiction with laws. This research has for the object of treatment, the way through which one juvenile goes, since the time of his arrest, staying at the police stations and holding cells, their behaviours, conditions of staying, up to the announcement of final verdict by the juridical authorities, the lack of on re-education institution for juveniles that is in contradiction with law.

Research of Several Wheat Varieties (Tritikum Aestivum L.) From Hungry, Croatia and Slovenia in Agro-Ecological Conditions of Kosova

Author(s):Bakir Kelmendi, Violeta Berlajolli, Nexhdet Shala, VloraGashi, Defrime Berisha, Ismajl Cacaj
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 96-102
The object of study is investigation of suitability of certain cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) of Hungary, Croatia and Slovenia. In research have been only 5 cultivars of wheat: Kolo, Marshall, Illyria, Super Zhitarka and Lara meanwhile as comparative cultivars was Europe 90. Investigations were conducted in two agro-climatic regions of Kosova (in Arbnesh the research farm of the Agricultural Institute of Kosova, Peja - Dukagjini Plain, and in Pestova - Kosova Plain, Research "Pestova" private property company, have been tested yield (kg / ha), weight (1000 seeds in gram), hectolitar weight (kg), protein content (%), humidity (%), gluten and sedimentation. Agro-climatic and pedological data in Kosova, compared with obtained yields in culture wheat shows no use of genetic potential of cultivars that are cultivated in. For this reason should be applied a contemporary agrotechnics to be used genetical potential, and reached higher yields. The obtained results indicat that have been significant statistical differences of diverse levels for investigated features of all cultivars included in plots compared with the standard (Europe 90) and between localities.

Research and Lab Test of Some Wheat Varieties from Hungary of Peja Region

Author(s):Violeta Berlajolli, Bakir Kelmendi, Nexhdet Shala, VloraGashi, Defrime Berisha, Ismajl Cacaj
Journal: International Journal of Literature, Linguistics & Interdisciplinary Studies
Publisher:IISTE & IPIS
Abstract
| Pages: 103-109
The object of study is investigation of suitability of certain cultivars of wheat (Triticum aestivum L) of Hungary. In research have been 5 cultivars of wheat: Subo, Kolo, Marshall, Beres, meanwhile as comparative cultivar Europe 90. Investigations were conducted in Dukagjin Plain (in Arbnesh in agricultural institute research farm of Kosova, Peje-Dukagjini Plain, Research, have been tested yield (kg/ha), weight,(of 1000 seeds in gram), hectoliter weight (kg), protein content (%), humidity (%), gluten and sedimentation. Agro-climatic and pedological data in Kosova, compared with yields obtained in culture wheat show no use of genetic potential of cultivars that are cultivate in. For this reason should be applied a contemporary agro-technics to be use genetic potential, and got higher yields. The results had indicated that there were significant statistical differences of different levels for researched features to all cultivars in plots compared with the standard (Europe 90) and between localities.
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