Acta Universitatis Danubius. Administratio

Online ISSN: 2069-9336

Print ISSN: 2068 - 5459

Publisher: Editura Universitara Danubius
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The Education of Public Leaders: Dynamics and Effectivenesses


Mihaela Victorita Carausan 

| Pages: 5-17
Education is the most important asset of the people and the one to which the national and European governors should pay more attention. Education is the only one that could give people specific knowledge and could help them to deal with real, practical situations. In order to do this, we should open the public administration and law education system to values that are specific to other disciplines such as econometrics and sociology. The future leaders of the administrative system should know more about the impact of their decisions and to know and use the tools that will help them to do such analyses. A leader is more than a manager and administrator he/she needs specific skills and knowledge and the education system should build a curriculum that will provide him/her the necessary knowledge and tools to become one. In Romania, in the field of public administration, little attention has been focused on educating leaders for public bureaucracy. The hypothesis that led us to this study was that public bureaucracy leaders do not possess the qualities necessary to build the public administration of tomorrow. That it is why, in the future, we should focus more on leaders because they infuse changes in an organization and act as an inner part of the organization. Moreover, the strength of the administrative capacity in times of crisis consists in the qualification of the leading human resources. Leadership can change the nature and the direction of public administration. This is the reason why, we have to establish and re-evaluate the next steps in educating the future leaders.

Financial Access to Reproductive Technologies: Options and Issues for Reproductive Rights in Nigeria


Oluwakemi Mary Adekile 

| Pages: 18-35
This article interrogates financial access to Assisted Reproductive Technologies and suggests the need for treatment to be subsidized. Research shows that six to eight million people experience infertility globally with greater concentration in developing countries like Nigeria. The work discusses the theoretical foundation of access to ART: it weighs the two opposing positions on the public funding and access to ART. It finds that socio-cultural consequences of infertility make it an issue of mental health with implications on reproductive rights: reproductive rights embrace some human rights already recognized such as the right to health, the right to freedom from discrimination, the right to privacy and the right not to be subjected to inhuman treatment. Therefore, State responsibility for reproductive rights under the international human rights regime sufficiently imposes a duty to improve financial access to ART through subsidization of costs. Furthermore, it argues that in Nigeria, the Constitutional framework, the National Policy on Health and the National Health Insurance Scheme inter alia justify government funding. The work concludes that reproductive rights commitment of governments demands the elimination/reduction of the constraint of financial access to ART.

Managerial Convergence in Evolution Public Institutions in the European Union


Georgeta Modiga 

| Pages: 36-47
Although public management is a new management science, there are already convinced that the extension of the principles and specific approaches, not just a relative thing, it becomes imperative that determines the coordinates of major public sector reform. Otherwise there is the risk of slipping into a formalism stressed, changing some generally accepted fundamental and essential to the detriment of meeting the new management public. Consequently, it is absolutely necessary to give the perception and treatment of the old administrative system in general and public institutions in particular as bureaucratic administrative apparatus are developed rules, regulations, and laws by which they are applied and the transition to new general management principles and legitimate public that the administrative system as a whole and each public by public managers seeking a specified level of performance management, reflected in increasing public interest and satisfaction of specific social needs. Communication is one of effective management tools of change in the organization. It can help to adjust the attitude of the “way of looking at things” and to change behaviors. Mission and objectives managerial communication are closely related to organizational changes and environmental characteristics in which the organization functions. Public relations are essentially communication activities if relationships public management of communication between an organization and its public interest based on public, effective public relations manager must be in permanent contact with the public organization to be able to differentiate any time their communication needs, formulate and convey the message to the characteristics of each of them and track their response to receiving each of the messages.

Student Intelligence and Academic Achievement in Albanian Universities Case of Vlora University


Ilirjan Lipi 

| Pages: 48-58
This study involves students of economic faculty that were attending bachelor in business administration and professional master degree in public administration at the University of Vlora “Ismail Qemali”. During this period several dimensions of students’ intelligence levels and their correlation to the final exams outcome in relevant subjects are measured and observed. The questionnaire was distributed to students of bachelor’s and master’s degree at the Faculty of Economy of Vlora University during the period October 2012 to February 2013. Promoting and improving students' intelligence and their critical thinking is still a novelty for universities and Albanian education system. Critical thinking and high intelligence bring positive results and create premises for well qualified employees in the private sector and public administration, too. The level of intelligence and critical thinking in classrooms and university courses in Albania is not at the appropriate levels or in the majority of cases it is non-existent, and this regardless the sounder made by the education development policy makers and managers of universities to the importance of human capital productivity and students’ academic results. In purpose to explore this issue, the empirical study included 60 out of 70 students from the International Business course at bachelor degree, and 43 out of 69 students of management of human resources course at master degree in Public Administration. The improvement of students’ intelligence could affect a positive impact on students’ academic results and on the productivity of organizations where they will be involved. The study aims to draw the attention that university education system in our country must face the idea of encouraging and stimulating the multiple dimensions of intelligence and strengthening critical thinking skills due to the effect that these dimensions have on a better absorption of knowledge and potential development of the students.

Access to Education - Factor to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion


Madalina Cocosatu 

| Pages: 59-66
U.E. with the support of Member States identified four key areas as the biggest challenges regarding the inclusion of persons belonging to vulnerable groups, namely: education, employment, health and housing. One area of particular importance when it comes to social inclusion and combating poverty is education. Access to education is a prerequisite for social integration of citizens belonging to any vulnerable group and the lack of education is the primary means of exclusion from society and a prerequisite for extreme poverty remains captive. This paper aims to analyze the effects of lack of education and the lack of access causes this fundamental human right that contributes to social exclusion of individuals with profound emphasis on their inability to integrate into the labor market. The analysis will be based on the concepts of social inclusion and social exclusion, multidimensional concepts that are closely related to the exercise of the fundamental human right to education.

European Experiences Regarding Doctoral Schools in Administrative Sciences


Bogdan Berceanu 

| Pages: 67-84
By analyzing the overall situation of the European universities’ doctoral programs in Administrative Sciences/Public Administration, the aim of the paper is to compare the European research programs, on two main directions: 1) analyzing and comparing the curricula implemented by European universities in the mentioned research areas and 2) identifying and some common principles applicable for the third cycle- doctoral studies, which are nor regulated like the other two cycles by clear and strict provisions.

Emergence of Party Finance Policy


Hrvoje Matakovic, Zdravko Petak 

| Pages: 85-101
Political parties are one of the key institutions of the political system, but today the public perceives political parties quite negative; public is bothered with their connections with powerful economic lobbies and their confidence is shaken by numerous money abuses for political purposes. To arrange the relationship between parties and donors, parties and the state as donor, but also to prevent the emergence of political corruption the party finance policy was developed. Although the party finance policy had its roots in 1960s, in the literature party finance is still largely seen as a part of politics rather than as public policy. This paper analyses regulative and distributive elements within party finance policy and its effects on political parties functioning.