ADVERTISEMENT

Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development

Online ISSN: 2224-4433

Print ISSN: 2304-1455




Search by keywords:
Article Download / Year
Article Published / Year

In-Vitro Conservation of Sugarcane Germplasm

Author(s):

Rabia Ikram -- Shazia Erum -- Hina Javed -- Shah Zaman -- Shahid Khan -- Aish Muhammad -- Saima Kanwal 


Abstract
| Pages: 506-509
Lack of in vitro multiplication procedure has long been a serious problem in sugarcane breeding programs. This problem has been solved to maximum extent by In Vitro propagation. In the present study, 6 genotypes of sugarcane (SC 06, SC 04, SC 25, SC 11, SC 13 and SC 30) was acquired & excised for apical and sub apical parts (eyes/ lateral buds). The explants were surface sterilized with Clorox (70% +100%, 20 & 10 min). Results showed that highest survival % was achieved with apical buds (66%) as compared to lateral buds (33%). In addition, effect of different concentrations of  rooting media (NAA, 5% Sucrose and 6% Sucrose) and  shooting media  (GA3, 0.1mg/, Kinetin, 0.1mg/L and BAP 0.1mg/L, Kinetin 0.1mg/L,GA3 0.1mg/L, NAA 0.1mg/L) was studied. Synergistic response was observed on the growth of plant with hormone consortia. Significant differences were observed in No. of roots, shoot length @ No. of shoots at all tested treatments. Highest No. of roots recorded for SC 30 at with 6% Sucrose. Highest No. of shoots was recorded for SC 04 with GA3 @ 0.1mg/L and highest shoot length for SC 06 at 0.1mg/ L of Kinetin.

Value Addition to Human Managerial Skills in the Livestock Sector in Nigeria

Author(s):

Adeyemo, A. A. -- Longe, M. P. -- Alakoso, A. A. 


Abstract
| Pages: 510-514
Value addition is an important concept in Nigeria?s agriculture, including the livestock sub-sector. Its definition is often given with special emphasis on and with respect to agricultural products. However, the general principle in value addition is the process of transforming resources, including human, from its original state to a more valuable state. In the livestock industry, human is a critical resource and adding value to its status should be the arrow head of developing the sub-sector. Most people in the sub-sector are academically sound and technically competent in their respective fields of specialisation but gaps exist in their management skills and acumen. There is the need for value addition to the human managerial skills of Officers managing livestock activities in the country. Governments at all levels should endeavour to provide financial and institutional supports towards the achievement of this goal. This will provide impetus on fully actualising the robust agricultural transformation agenda of the country.

Comparing the Local Climate Change and its Effects on Physiological Aspects and Yield of Ramie Cultivated in Different Biophysical Environments

Author(s):

M. Subandi


Abstract
| Pages: 515-524
Three experiments in three different biophysical environments were conducted in Jatinangor, Sumedang District, Jatitujuh. Majalengka District and Bandung District of West Java Province, Indonesia. The experiment were conducted to evaluate the environments, seasons, manure, nitrogen and potassium effect on the physiological aspects and yield of ramie plant (Boehmerianivea L. Gaud).The locations diverse at different elevation, rainfall type and soil type and atmospheric regimes. The experiments passed the years 2000-2001. The experiment in Sumedang regency was continued with two other experiments in 2007, and experiment in Bandung district was conducted in 2014.The field experiments design used in all the locations were randomized block design arranged in factorial pattern with two factors and two replications. Climatic analysis is done by comparing the atmospheric data of 2000-2001 and the data of 2002-2007 and the data of 2014. Assumed that all the local atmospheric data are atmospheric data under influence of climatic global change. Results of the experiments were: Jatitujuh region is not suitable for ramie cultivation. Dosage of waterw3=35%-40% of Field Capacity affecting sufficient growth on plant.The minimum dosage at which plant survive to produce yield is representing the most efficient input of production.Water supply for ramie plant could be designed to the most efficient volume to maintain the need of metabolism.
ADVERTISEMENT