Acta Universitatis Danubius. Communicatio

Online ISSN: 2069 - 0398

Print ISSN: 1844-7562



Publisher: Editura universitara Danubius
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Best Practices of International Student Assessment: the Arcadia University International MBA Case Study

Author(s):

Sandra Hordis, Mary Theresa Taglang 


Abstract
| Pages: 5-12
Assessment is always challenging. Whether we are administrators of programs, teaching faculty, staff, graduate or undergraduate students, and the practice of assessment evokes fears of judgment, fears of public failure, and most significantly, fears of change. Because of this, we often assess with a hesitant hand, gingerly prodding the successes and challenges at all levels of our institutions, hoping that—in this moment, at least—we are achieving the goals which we claim that we‘re achieving and are doing so with integrity and a clear understanding of student needs.

Gaokao in Chinese Higher Education to Go or not to Go?

Author(s):

DU Ruiqing 


Abstract
| Pages: 13-15
Viewed from a historical perspective, Chinese higher education can be traced back to the Zhou dynasty almost 2,500 years ago. With Emperor Wudi of the Han dynasty (140-88 BC) setting up academies, prototypes of higher education institutions came into shape. These institutions were close parallels to medieval universities in Europe. But the modern university system in the Western sense of the term was not endorsed and emulated in China until the early 1900s. As in the West, higher education in China has been in a state of flux. And with the nation‘s radical economic and social restructuring its higher education has been undergoing tremendous changes with challenges of all descriptions. Among all the major challenges or issues this brief discussion has highlighted Kaokao, highly characteristic of Chinese higher education, and attempted to discuss it from theoretical and practical perspectives.

Improving the Process of Student Evaluation

Author(s):

Gabriela Neacşu, Laura Patache, Daniel Dăneci-Pătrău, Camelia Boarcăş, Alina Valentina Gherco


Abstract
| Pages: 16-26
In this paper we analyzed the process of student evaluation from ―Spiru Haret‖ University. The process under consideration occurs according to a specific Procedure – Process of student evaluation from the Manual of Quality Assurance Procedures, ―Spiru Haret‖ University, Edition 1, 2012. The goal of this procedure, mentioned in the Manual, is to present the student evaluation procedure by using the Blackboard educational platform and other evaluation techniques of quality learning, based on materials developed by teachers of ―Spiru Haret‖ University, as well as corresponding responsibilities, in order to increase the learning process quality and the exigency degree in the examination process, as well as students‘ satisfaction measured by accumulated competences. We appreciate that the purpose of this procedure is first and foremost to ensure transparency and objectivity in exam passing decision. After identifying the weaknesses with the ―cause - effect‖ chart, we have sought to improve student evaluation process using PDCA (Plan-Do- Check-Act) method, resulting in the design of a new assessment flowchart.

The Roadmap from Quality Assurance in Programmes and Teaching towards Quality Development as a Strategic Instrument of University Management

Author(s):

Bianka Lichtenberger 


Abstract
| Pages: 27-32
An inflation of publicly formulated expectations and requirements with regard to instruments and methods for preparing, securing and monitoring research and teaching quality as well as the quality of the management of higher education give the impression of an overload of quality management and thus a new ―quality of bureaucracy‖. Behind it appears at a first glance an in transparent and confusing puzzle of highly diverse procedures which are subsumed under the term quality management. The cause of this development can be seen in the context of the Bologna process and the Lisbon strategy, which has defined development and control of a high quality in teaching and research as a central success factor in the implementation of higher education policy reforms and as an organizational obligation for Higher Education Institutions.

Building the Cooperative Teaching Mode of “Team Teaching”

Author(s):

Guan Huisheng, Gao Qingsong 


Abstract
| Pages: 33-42
Considering the limitation of higher education teaching mode of ―only the teacher‘s words count‖, we build the cooperative teaching mode of ― team teaching‖ which is humanism-based, student-based and learning-centered. It emphasizes ―challenge and cooperation‖ between teachers and students as well as promotes communication and interaction during the teaching process to ensure open teaching and students‘ participation. Compared with the traditional teaching mode, the cooperative teaching mode of ―team teaching‖ highlights its innovative value of teaching and provides a feasible framework during the process of pre-class preparation, teaching guidance, studentteacher debate and conclusion and further study.

The Localization Characteristic of the Idea and Mission of Private Universities in China

Author(s):

Fan Jixuan, Jia Quanming 


Abstract
| Pages: 43-53
The idea and mission of college and university are always assuming a fluxion accompanied with social upheaval. The Chinese private universities' idea and mission take on local characteristic: ―As the foundation of a nation, education should meet the needs of social development, should take the responsibility of practical application and take service for the community‖, ―Education should place people first, attach great importance to the improvement of the students' individual quality and put heavy emphasis on the service quality‖, which have become the important content of the faith of Chinese private universities; ―To strengthen the internationalization and to open running college‖, which is the new direction of faith of Chinese private universities. It became those private universities‘ bounden duty to translate normal human resources into quality human capital. So, those private universities have the responsibilities and missions to construct human resources powerful nation, to popular higher education with high standard satisfied by people.

The Development Trend of the Non-governmental Higher Education in China

Author(s):

Zhang Dewen 


Abstract
| Pages: 54-58
In more than 30 years after China‘s reform and opening to the outside world the nongovernmental higher education has developed dramatically and enjoyed more and more favorable conditions, making great contributions to the popularization of higher education in China. According to the definition that ―The non-governmental higher education is a major growth point for development of educational career and an important driving force in promoting educational reform‖, quoting from The planning outline on the national medium and long-term educational reform and development (The Planning Outline for short) issued in 2010 by China‘s State Council, China has launched policies of greatly supporting the non-governmental higher education and designed the reform goals of the government as the main body of education, with the active participation of the whole society, and the mutual development of the governmental and non-governmental higher education. Soon afterwards, the nation has started the move of the non-governmental educational system, and positively explored the management of classification of profit and non-profit nongovernmental educational institutions. Thus, the development of the Chinese non-governmental institutions of higher learning has been greatly influenced because of the policies and relevant practices. With the opening of the 18th national congress and the political direction mentioned in the report as ―encouraging and guiding social organizations to initiate education‖, the pace of development of the non-governmental institutions of higher learning will be accelerated and some new development trends will become clearer.

Study on Establishing High-Quality Private Universities --Based on Exploration of Modern University System with Chinese Characteristics

Author(s):

Yang Hongbo 


Abstract
| Pages: 59-71
The Outline of National Medium- and Long-term Program for Education Reform and Development (2010-2020) (shortened as the Outline) issued by Chinese government in July, 2010 put forward the improvement and reform of modern university with Chinese characteristics. The report in 18th NPC paid attention to the construction of modern university system, which makes establishing and improving modern university system necessary to accomplish education modernization.

Program Accreditation by Association of Classical Universities of Russia

Author(s):

Sergey Zapryagaev, Evgeniya V. Karavaeva 


Abstract
| Pages: 72-92
Quality assurance is a general problem in the higher education system. The modern condition of this problem is out of a national frame and got the international measurement. There are a lot of the processes that display globalization in understanding of quality in higher education. Among them are the international universities ratings, the institute and the program accreditation by international bodies, professional accreditation in special area of education, distribution of a quality culture philosophy and other comparison technologies in estimation of higher education institutes activity.

Considering the Possible Future of American Higher Education

Author(s):

William B. Harvey


Abstract
| Pages: 93-100
As with all other social institutions, the pace and complexity of change make it challenging to predict what the future holds for the American higher education enterprise. While the broad mosaic of colleges and universities that comprise this enterprise has collectively been described as the best such conglomeration of its kind in the world (Bowen, Kurzwell &Tobin, 2005; Harvey, 1998) several concerns are now surfacing that must be acknowledged and considered. Literally spread across the broad American landscape is a constellation of two and four-year institutions --public and private; secular and religious; urban, suburban, and rural; large, medium and small colleges and universities - which have generally been regarded as providing access and opportunities for students of all races, ethnicities, ages, and social classes.

The Cameroonian Universities in the Era of Knowledge-Based Society: from the Paradoxes of Governance to the Challenges of Implementing A Cognitive Pedagogy

Author(s):

Roger Mondoué 


Abstract
| Pages: 101-108
The university was created in Yaounde, the political capital city of Cameroon, in 1961, after the independence. For the young Federal State it therefore became necessarily urgent to put in place a training institution that would cover the needs in local senior staffs, after the departure of French and English colonial administrators. It was also to endow the young nation with an instrument of quality training that would boost local economic and social development. At its opening, the university had 213 students (Sup Infos, 2011, pp. 10-11) who were systematically absorbed by the labor market; it will accommodate 37,215 students in 1992, on the same campus. But with the economic crises, it witnessed a severe employment crisis. Due to the implementation of structural adjustment programs driven by the Bretton Woods institutions, the economic crisis was coupled with a political crisis: the Ngoa-Ekelle campus where the University of Yaounde was found rapidly became a vast experimental field of socio-political demands for an integral multiparty system, a general amnesty and liberal democracy in Cameroon. Faced with these crises, the State could not remain indifferent. Thus, a ―university reform‖ will be launched in January 1993 by presidential decree (Ministry of Higher Education, 1993, p. 9).

Reflection of the Development of Professional Graduates Education in China

Author(s):

Zhao Jing, Che Rushan 


Abstract
| Pages: 109-116
The development of professional degree graduates education plays a crucial role in social economy development and the industrial restructuring, promotes academic degrees and graduates education growth and could further ameliorate China's professional degrees education system. Currently, the professional degree graduates education meet with some problems, such as low level of professional degrees education, the scale of development imbalances, lack of innovation in training mode, quality assurance and management system is incomplete, the policy formulated backwardness. As a higher education theory researcher, rational thinking of these problems would help to stimulate the long-term development of professional degree graduates education and to provide educational reference.

Quality Educational Services, Educational Imperative for a Competitive Global Society

Author(s):

Georgeta Modiga 


Abstract
| Pages: 117-132
In the current context of economic development, human resources are a cornerstone of competition, both nationally and internationally. In the global competition of computerized economy, quality and inventiveness of the human resources are the main factors underlying the essential disparities between states. Starting from Alfred Marshall's statement ―the most valuable of all capital is that invested in human beings‖, the quality of human resources in general and education in particular as the key determinant of economic growth overall. Skilled in the art appreciate that there is a very close relationship between technological progress and investment in education with implications for all areas of life: economic, social, political, cultural. Although the widest spread idea about quality is that it is expensive ultimately, research has shown otherwise. Quality educational services are a desirable social objective and its contribution to improving the efficiency of the economy is crucial. Regarded as a model of corporate culture, total quality management: aims to customer oriented all its activities and processes and to optimize them so that to bring long-term benefits. Educational services customers are both individuals who receive education and their family and society as a whole.

Manipulation and persuasion in social influence of the Romanian media

Author(s):

Mihaela Sandu, Tanase Tasente, Nicoleta Ciacu 


Abstract
| Pages: 133-151
The present society has a high degree of vulnerability. Vulnerable are the persons, the communities, the companies and people as a whole. Romania, in this long and painful transition has a very fragile balance, undermined by the prolonged economic crisis and the accumulation in all spheres of social disruption. This paper aims to investigate the level of knowledge regarding the Media manipulation. In terms of the variable label ―sex‖, we see that in this study participated 42 women and 38 men, a total of 80 subjects. In terms of education, after the study conducted it was found that of the 80 subjects who responded to questions only 38 of them have higher education, remaining 42 with secondary education. Regarding the area of origin, it was found that only 16 of the 80 subjects come from rural areas and 63 in urban areas. In terms of the variable labeled "old" we see that it covers a wide range from 16 to 79 years. In terms of marital status revealed that 41 of the subjects who participated in the study are married, 37 unmarried and only 2 are from ―other circumstances‖.

The Regulator and the Regulated: An Examination of the Legal Framework for Telecommunication in Nigeria

Author(s):

Tunde Otubu 


Abstract
| Pages: 152-167
The prime objective of any technological revolution is to improve the quality of human life. This can be achieved by successfully assimilating these technological innovations into human society. Technological development in the information and communication technology has found its way into modern human societies for good. However in order to take the full advantage and benefits of this system there is the need to put in place a comprehensive legal and regulatory framework to engender the growth and development of the industry. This paper sets out to examine the legal and regulatory framework surrounding the business of telecom industry in Nigeria. It particularly scrutinizes the provision of the law establishing the National regulator vis a vis the service providers and the consumers of this telecom services. Such laws as the company Act, Nigeria communication Act, Criminal law, law of tort, planning Laws, Land Use act and other regulations tangential to the provision of telecom services in the country. In examining these laws the paper seeks to identify the lacunas, drawbacks and limitations existing in these regulations and proceeds to advance reform and recommendations towards the efficient administration and implementation of telecom laws in Nigeria in the overall benefit of the telecom business in Nigeria.