Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies

Online ISSN: 2313-7401

Print ISSN: 2313-7401



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Employee Stock Options: A New Possibility at Beximco Pharmaceuticals Limited

Author(s): Naheem Mahtab
Abstract
| Pages: 152-162
Employee stock option is an employee equity ownership plan that can include stock, stock options or what is often referred to as phantom stock. Employee stock option plans have been popularized by the success realized by technology firms such as Microsoft, Cisco Systems, and Grameenphone in that the implementation of stock option plans has resulted in great personal wealth for the early employees of these companies. ESOPs represent more as a mechanism whereby employees can generate a different source of income through their stock options. These plans represent a means for a given enterprise?s various stakeholder groups to mutually benefit and generate lasting wealth, not only for the individuals associated with the company, but also for the region in which it is located.

Urban Planning In Ibadan, Nigeria 1960 to 2010: A Historical Analytical Study with Special Reference to Islamic Connections

Author(s): Ibraheem Mikail Abiola--- Hassan Ahmed Ibrahim
Abstract
| Pages: 163-169
Ibadan is located in Southwestern Nigeria, in the southeastern part of Oyo state about 120km east of the border to Republic of Benin. The city?s total area is 1,190 sq miles (3,080km2). The city isnaturally drained by four rivers which have many tributaries: Ona River in the north and west, Ogbere River towards the east, Ogunpa flowing through the city and Kudeti River in the centralpart of Ibadan metropolis. Ogunpa River the third stream has a channel length of 12.76km and a catchment area of 54.92km2.1

The Spatial Study of Catholic Market in China

Author(s): Zhaohui Hong--- Jianfeng Jin
Abstract
| Pages: 142-151
This article is designed to use geo-spatial, digital and statistical methods to visualize and measure the demand and supply of Catholic market in China. Selecting nine representative cities covering three regions of China, the article measures the density of Catholics through discussing the number of Catholic population and number of Catholic churches in an effort to calculate the average number of Catholics using each church. In addition, this article utilizes two spatial methods to visualize and gauge the distance and driving time between the Catholic residential area and the nearest church in an effort to measure the church availability and accessibility in the selected nine cities. After proposing three measurable criteria of evaluating the shortage of church, this article identifies five specific cities as the areas in which there is a Catholic church shortage in China.

Utilization of Teaching Space Facilities at Sunyani Polytechnic in Ghana

Author(s): Joseph Yaw Dwamena Quansahl
Abstract
| Pages: 133-141
This paper investigates how teaching space facilities were being utilized at Sunyani Polytechnic in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana. The essence was to ascertain information on the factors that militate against efficient utilization of teaching space facilities at Sunyani Polytechnic. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Lottery method of simple random sampling as well as purposive sampling were used in the selection of the sample size of 89 made up of 60 academic staff, 20 senior administrative staff and 9 technicians. Two sets of questionnaire and an interview guide were used for the data collection. The methods used in analyzing the data were frequencies, percentages and cumulative frequencies presented in tables. The key factors identified as constraints to efficient utilization of the teaching space facilities at the Polytechnic were departmentalized time tabling, inadequacy of computer laboratory and small size of instructional rooms. The major recommendations offered include the following: there should be centralized timetabling and computerization of the space allocation, provision of more general computer laboratories and provision of few large instructional rooms for very large class sizes.

The Impact of the Land Reform Programme in Matabeleland North Province: A Case of Woodlands Resettlement Area in Hwange, Zimbabwe

Author(s): Zanele Dube--- Wisdom Moyo
Abstract
| Pages: 125-132
Land reform has always been a contentious issue in Zimbabwe mainly because of the methods used to acquire land. The land reform process began in 1979 after the signing of the Lancaster house agreement in an effort to equitably distribute land between the black and minority whites. The market based approach was used in the early phases of land reform and later on, the government led compulsory land acquisition called the Fast track land reform programme. This study was aimed at investigating the impact of the fast track land reform programme at Woodlands resettlement in Hwange, Matabeleland north province. The researcher assumed that resettlement was carried out on what was formerly a game reserve. The geography of the area does not favour crop farming. Soils are deficient in plant nutrients and rainfall is below 650mm and yet Zimbabwe land reform emphasized poverty alleviation. The study was conducted using the qualitative research approach. A case study was chosen as a research design. Questionnaires were developed and distributed to 30 respondents drawn from Woodlands resettlement using simple random sampling technique. The findings revealed that people were resettled in what was formerly a game reserve and this has resulted in human-wildlife conflict. There are mixed feelings about the impact of land reform on livelihoods at Woodlands. It is recommended that the government should step in and prioritise infrastructure development in the area. The absence of a clinic, secondary school serviced road and other social services need urgent attention as these factors are important in poverty alleviation.