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Journal of Genetic and Environmental Resources Conservation

Online ISSN: 2306-8280

Print ISSN: 2306-8663



Publisher: Association of Genetic and Environmental Resources Conservation
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Classification of Bunnei Barbus sharpeyi (Gunther, 1874) and Gattan Barbus xanthopterus (Heckel, 1843) Iraqi fishes by using proteins electrophoretic pattern

Author(s):

Faris A. Al-Obaidi


Abstract
| Pages: 1-5
The objective of this study was to classification of Bunnei (Barbus sharpeyi) and Gattan (Barbus xanthopterus) Iraqi fishes by using muscle proteins electrophoretic pattern. Ten individuals of Bunni and twelve of Gattan were collected from the region of Al-Siweira in Wasit province at a weight (2000 ± 36) g and an average total length (28 ± 2.5) cm, samples of 1.0 gm of fish muscle were taken from individuals to determined electrophoretic pattern of muscle proteins. Results revealed that electrophoretic pattern of muscle proteins were similar between the two fish species. But, Gattan predominant Bunnei in the number of separated proteins. Gattan muscle proteins were separated into 21 protein bands, whereas Bunni muscle proteins were separated into 16 protein bands. Also, the two fish species were differed in the percentage values of the separated protein bands. No significant variations in the electrophoretic pattern of muscle proteins due to sex within species were noticed. In conclusion, the ability of using electrophoretic pattern of muscle proteins as a good diagnostic tool for Bunnei and Gattan fishes classification.

Role of hemodialysis and hepatitis C virus infection in circulating Th1 and Th2 cytokines in patients with chronic renal disease

Author(s):

Arwa M. Abdullah, Abdul-Razaq Hardan, Ismail I. Latif, Laith J. Abd-Al-Hassani


Abstract
| Pages: 6-11
The present study was performed to evaluate the possible role of Th-1cytokine (IFN-γ, TNF-α) and Th- 2cytokine (IL-10) in immunopathogenesis of hepatitis C in hemodialysis patients. The sandwich ELISA assay was performed for the detecting the serum levels of these cytokines in 23 hemodialysis HCV positive (HD/HCV+) patients, 20 HD hemodialysis HCV negative (HD/HCV-) patients in comparison with apparently healthy control and non-uremic chronic HCV infected patients. Where, the HCV-positive hemodialysis patients had a blunted TNF-α response (P<0.01) and failed to increase the stimulated IFN-γ (P<0.01) compared with chronic HCV infected patients without renal disease. On the contrary, IL-10 stimulation was higher in HCV-positive hemodialysis patients (P<0.01). The results showed that the disturbed cytokine response appeared to focus in the Th1 because the stimulation of Th2 cytokines (IL-10) was not impaired.

Study of sexual dimorphism in Iraqi freshwater fish Barbus luteus

Author(s):

Asmaa S. Ibrahim , Taha Y. Al–Dori, Nada A. Al-Ansari


Abstract
| Pages: 12-19
The comparison between two sexes of Iraqi freshwater fish Barbus luteus that was fished from Tigris river at Baghdad during 2005, revealed that: the distance from head edge to the anal orifice & from head edge to the dorsal fin were larger in males than females. Also, the females have dark colored fins with reddish ventral aspect of head and body in comparison with the males during the whole months of study. So, they were considered as permanently sexual dimorphism characteristics . But , during the spawning season (May and June) a more brightening color of male with reddish coloration of both sides of body were noticed in comparison with females with a golden orange corneal coloration in both sexes. Thus they were considered as temporary sexual dimorphism characteristics.

Microbial and chemical quality of bottled drinking water in Baghdad

Author(s):

College of Education for Girls, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq


Abstract
| Pages: 20-23
The object of this study was to determined microbial and chemical quality of imported and locally produced bottled drinking water in Baghdad city during 2011 – 2012. Forty commercial marks of bottled drinking water size o.5 l were sampled to determined total bacterial count (TBC), total coliform count (TCC), Streptococcus spp. count (Strep. C) and anaerobic bacterial count (ABC), also pH and total dissolved soluble (TDS) were determined as chemical quality. Results appeared that twenty third of total samples (57.5%) were not qualify for used as drinking water due to high load of ABC, where as FCC and ABC not detected in all studied samples, pH and TDS values were differed significantly among commercial bottled drinking water.

Sedimentological study of Tanuma formation east of Baghdad

Author(s):

Sadi K. Jan


Abstract
| Pages: 24-27
Tanuma formation was subsurface studied in the east of Baghdad city through checking (90) thin sections. The formation is checked in terms of mineral aspect and some fossils are recognized. The formation consists of dolomite in the form of rhomboid crystals within micrite ground mass. The most significant fossils are planktonic and benotic foraminifera, this study indicated that Tanuma formation is depositional environment .

Effects of Kids birth characteristics on the weight growth under pastoral husbandry

Author(s):

Sghaier Najari, Amor Gaddour


Abstract
| Pages: 28-32

Grain size, sorting and matrix as indicators of energy of depositional environment of Tanuma formation east of Baghdad

Author(s):

Sadi K. Jan


Abstract
| Pages: 33-35
Sorting, groundmass and roundness degree is used as an indicators that referred to depositional environment energy for the formation of Tanuma through checking (90) thin sections of rocks samples collected in the studied area in the east of Baghdad. Results revealed that Tanuma formation was divided into three energy water areas and this has been shown through energy curves which in turn depends on grain size, sorting and groundmass. The formation located in low energy curves. In words, it located in quiet deep water. Basically, the formation consisted of limestone with groundmass of micrit.

Distribution of liver and lung helminthic infections among slaughtered animals in Kirkuk abattoir

Author(s):

Lamea M. Ahmed and Susan A. Rasheed


Abstract
| Pages: 36-40
The aim of this study was to determined the distribution rate of some parasitic helminthes in liver and lung among slaughtered ruminants and demonstrated seasonal factor effect on helminthic infections. Across section study was conducted in domestic ruminant to determine the prevalence and risk factor of helminthiasis, a total of 199738 domestic ruminants slaughtered in Kirkuk abattoirs during 2009-2011. The study revealed that the overall prevalence of helminthiasis in domestic ruminant was 5048(2.5%), the species level prevalence of helminthiasis was1379 (10.2%) and 25(6.3%) in cattle and buffaloes, in sheep and goat 3138(2.3%) and306 (1.6%) respectively and lower rate of the infection in calve was 200(0.5%). Hydatid cyst were the most prevalent parasite 3325(1.6%) followed by liver flukes 1242(0.6%) then lung worms 481(0.2%). The highest rate of infection with hydatid cyst was in cattle and buffalo 744(5.5%), 9(2.2%) respectively followed in sheep and goat were 2174(1.6%) and 219(1.1%). liver flukes investigation were higher in cattle and buffalo 436 (3.2%), 9(2.2%) respectively then in sheep, goat 718(0.5%) and 64(0.3%), while lung worms were higher infection in buffalo and cattle 7(1.7%) and199 (1.4%) followed by sheep and goat 246(0.1%) and 23(0.1%) respectively. According to seasonal variation the inflectional rate of helminthiasis in summer was indicated higher percentage of helminthes 1468(29%) and in autumn 1385(27.4%) followed by in winter 1254(24.8%) then in spring 943 (18.6%). Hydatid cyst showed highly percentage in summer 1025(30.8%) and autumn889 (26.7%) then in winter 818(24.6%) and spring was593 (17.8%). While infection rate of liver flukes were higher in autumn and summer 366(29.4%), 359(28.9%) respectively then in winter 289(23.2%) in spring 228(18.3%), another parasitic type lung worms were higher in winter146 (30.3%) followed by infection in autumn 130(27%) and spring 122(25.3%) then in summer 84(17.4%).

Effect of ecological factors on the distribution of earthworms in Baghdad

Author(s):

Nebrass F. Al-Khafagi, Haifaa J. Jaweir, Emadaldin AL-Mukhtar


Abstract
| Pages: 41-46
Monthly earthworm samples were collected from four sites in the vicinity of Baghdad. The sites included citrus and palm orchard, vegetable field, Tigris river bank and a house garden. Records of soil temperature, PH, moisture, texture and organic matter content were also measured at all sampling sites. Soil temperature ranged between 10C° to 43C° as recorded during February and August respectively. Values of PH have ranged between 4.4 to 6.5. Soil moisture and Organic matter content were highest in river bank’s samples, 66.6% and 3.82% respectively. However, lowest soil moisture and organic matter percentage were 25.21% and 2.30% recorded at the vegetable field and the palm orchard respectively. All sites were characterized by loamy acidic reactive soils.

Estimation parameters of the kid’s growth curve in Tunisia goat by using Gompertz model

Author(s):

Amor Gaddour, Sghaier Najari 


Abstract
| Pages: 47-49

Some immunological effects of Roselle Hibiscus sabdariffa L. calyces in albino mice

Author(s):

Zahraa H.M. Kadri, Ali H. Ad’hiah, Esmaiel K. Shubber


Abstract
| Pages: 50-55
It was aimed to evaluate the immunological effects of cold and hot aqueous extracts of H. sabdariffa calyces in albino mice. Three oral doses (9.78, 19.56 and 29.34 mg/mouse for cold extract, and 13.72, 27.44 and 41.16 mg/mouse for hot extract) of each extract were evaluated, in addition to the immune suppressive drug etoposide (0.05 mg/mouse/day) and interferon (0.25 mg/mouse/day). Metaphase index, T-rosette formation (bone marrow, thymus, spleen and lymph nodes) and ADA specific activity (serum and thymus) in the investigated organs were significantly decreased in animals treated with etopside as compared with normal controls, while in mice treated with calyx extracts of H. sabdariffa, the investigated parameters were significantly enhanced, especially at the third dose of both extract, and such dose almost shared the effect of interferon in mice treated with it. It was almost universal to observe that hot extract was better than the cold extract. These findings suggests the immune enhancement effects of the investigated extract, and they were in a dose-dependent manner.

The efficacy of antibiotics reduction activity against chronic kidney diseases caused bacteria

Author(s):

Eman A. Muhsin


Abstract
| Pages: 56-62
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of antibiotics activity against some chronic kidney diseases (CKD) caused bacteria. Three pediatric hospitals in Baghdad were included in this study which were Al-Mansour pediatric, Child’s central and Al-Kadimiya. In this study some bacteria were isolated from children, then their susceptibility towards selected antibiotics were detected. Nitrofurantoin was the potent antibiotic whereas Gentamicin has the lowest effect against bacterial UTIs.
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